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ICT Revision
Info 1…read more

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Health and Safety Legislation
Health Problems:
· Stress
Stress can be increased by an overload of work, technophobia and managers
monitoring employee's performance. Stress can cause illness to make employees
absent from work on a long-term process which can cost a lot of money.
· Repetitive Strain Injury
Caused by repetitive physical movements and a lack of adequate rest and breaks.
RSI can be minimised by a good workstation design, and good working practices.
· Eye Strain
Excessive use of computers with brightly-lit monitors can cause temporary eye
strain which can produce symptoms of headaches, blurred vision or general eye
irritation. It can be avoided by taking regular breaks and the position of the screen to
avoid reflections.
· General Aches and Pains
Occur because operators remain seated in the same position. Poor location of the
keyboard and monitor relative to the workers chair can increase the risk of back and
neck problems.
· Radiation Hazards
Some CRT screens emit low frequency radiation which can be harmful above certain
levels.…read more

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Health and Safety Legislation
The safe use of computers in the workplace is governed by
the UK by the following legislations:
Display Screen Equipment (VDU) Regulations 1992
Health and Safety at Work act 1974
· The Health and Safety act states that employers have the
responsibility to ensure that there is minimum risk to
employees in the workplace.
· The Health and Safety Executive has the role and
responsibility of promoting health and safety in the
workplace.…read more

Slide 4

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Health and Safety Legislation
What the employer can do:
· Workstation Ergonomics
Adjustable seat, plenty of space, avoid reflective glare
· Risk Analysis and Training
To ensure all procedures are being followed and training courses to ensure
that staff are aware of the procedures and safety in the workplace.
· Computer Chairs
Adjustable height and swivel with adjustable backrest.
· Keyboards
An ergonomic keyboard to reduce RSI
· Computer Screens
A computer screen that can be adjusted (position, brightness and glare) The
screen size should also be appropriate for the task to reduce eye strain.
· Eye sight test
Regular tests should be carried out and glasses provided.
· Regular Breaks
Regular breaks should be taken to reduce eye strain and RSI.…read more

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Health and Safety Legislation
High usability software design to ensure that it reduces stress
the design can have high usability:
Use of keyboard shortcuts to minimise point and click activity
Font styles and colours are easy to read
Colour scheme not bright which gives eye strain.
Clear error messages to prevent stress
Logical order to that groups are close together
On screen help available
Macros to reduce the overall key strokes entered for the user
Software developers can thoroughly test the software to see
that it doesn't crash under certain conditions, provide a list of
FAQs covering common problems and email support to resolve
particular issues.…read more

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· Client is normally the person who has invited you to solve a
particular problem in ICT.
· User is normally the person who actually enters data into the
system and uses it to process and get output where necessary.
· Audience is normally the person who views the content of the
solution and does not enter data.
Input, processing and output:
· Outputs the information in what format is required for the
· Input is the data needed to produce the output.
· Processing involves the conversion of data inputs to
information output.…read more

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This is really good! Thank you! :)



cheerz :}



This is wicked! Thank you

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