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ICT in a Caring Society

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Computers in medicine
Medical records stored in hospital information
systems improve the quality of patient care
Databases of organ donors and patients needing
transplants
Computerised devices such as pacemakers,
artificial organs and prostheses
Computerised monitoring devices can keep a 24-
hour watch on critically ill patients
Surgeons can perform operations…

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Expert systems used in medical
diagnosis
Also called knowledge-based systems
Computer programs that attempt to replicate the
performance of a human expert on some
specialised reasoning task
Store and manipulate knowledge so that they can
help a user to solve a problem or make a decision
An Australian expert system…

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Computers and the Disabled
About 10% of people in Britain have some kind of disability
Computer systems can:
­ Improve the ability to communicate
­ Provide opportunities for independence and employment
Some examples:
­ Scanners to convert printed text to verbal output for visually
impaired
­ Voice recognition equipment to…

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