First 315 words of the document:
7 Hurricane Katrina: an extreme weather event.
> Causes, effects on different people, and responses.
Where: tracked over the Gulf of Mexico and hit New Orleans, a coastal city with huge areas below sea-level
which were protected by defence walls, called levees.
When: August 2005
- Levees (only designed for category 3) were overwhelmed by the extra water, with many collapsing
completely. This allowed water to flood into New Orleans, and up to 80% of the city was flooded to depths
of up to six metres.
- Formed from a tropical depression situated in the south-eastern Bahamas. It quickly formed into a
Tropical Storm the very next day. Once it moved into the warm Gulf of Mexico it gained strength.
- Despite an evacuation order, many of the poorest people remained in the city.
- 1 million people were made homeless and about 1,200 people drowned in the floods.
- Refuge in the Superdome stadium. Conditions were unhygienic, and there was a shortage of food and
water. Looting was commonplace throughout the city. Tension was high and many felt vulnerable and
- Oil facilities were damaged and as a result petrol prices rose in the UK and USA.
- Costs of about $300 billion.
- Agricultural production was damaged by tornadoes and flooding. Cotton and sugar-cane crops were
- Tourism centres were badly affected.
- $50 billion in aid was given by the government.
- UK government sent food aid during the early stages of the recovery process.
- Broken levees were repaired by engineers.
- The National Guard was mobilised to restore and maintain law and order in what became a hostile and
unsafe living environment.
- Criticism was directed at the local, state and federal governments