First 329 words of the document:
Human Rights Law
The EU has its own convention on human rights.
In 1953, the European Union passed the European Convention on Human Rights.
It is based on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
If the Convention is broken, the case can go to the European Court of Human Rights
The European Court Of Human Rights intervenes to make sure the Convention is
followed in all EU countries.
The court includes 47 judges, one for each member of the Council of Europe. The
judges are elected every 6 years.
The Human Rights Act is a British concern.
Britain is a member of both the UN and the EU, so it signed the Universal Declaration
of Human Rights and the European Convention of Human Rights.
In 1998, Parliament passed the Human Rights Act. It became law in Britain in 2000.
This act protects the human rights of British citizens under British law.
It allows British judges and British courts to interpret the European Convention.
Most of the rights in the Human Rights Act are limited. That means a person's rights
can be restricted to prevent a crime or protect the rights of others.
Human Rights Law can be compromised.
In some situations, Human Rights Law is open to interpretation and compromise.
You can be detained for up to 24 hours without charge if you are suspected of
committing a crime. If you are then found guilty of the crime in a court of law, you
can be sent to prison.
Censorship (taking away freedom of expression) is allowed by British law, if it
protects children from violent or sexually explicit images or avoids causing racial
If a child is in physical or emotion danger then they can be taken away from their
parents and into the care of the state.