Slides in this set
Roles of men and Women
· Traditionally women are expected to take care of the home and children, and men are to
support their wives " men are in charge of women"-Qur'an
· Men are expected to go to work and earn money for the family.
· Women too can get educated and get a job if their husbands agree
· Mother's have vey high status in Islam: Mohammad was asked who is most worthy of good
treatment and he replied "your mother".
· Decisions in a household should be made together by both husband and wife
· Men must attend Friday prayer at the mosque where as women do not have to attend the
mosque but if they do they must pray separate to men.…read more
Sahih Bukhari- a book containing hadith
Marriage Hadith- sayings of Prophet Mohammad
Why is marriage encouraged? Shari'ah- guidance based on Islamic tradition
· Provides a secure environment for procreation
· Provides companionship "he created for you mates so you can find tranquillity in them"-Qur'an
· Sexual instincts must be directed towards someone specific "helps lower his gaze"- Sahih Bukhari
Choosing a partner
· Dating is thought to be unwise as it can encourage sex before marriage
· Parents tend to search for suitable partners (arranged marriage)
· Both partners must consent to marriage as nikkah is seen to be a secular contract
· Nikkah- contract to know what is expected of you within the marriage
· Mahr- paid to bride by groom
· Bride does not have to be present can send two witnesses on her behalf
· Readings from Qur'an
· Khutbah- speech made by imam
· Homosexuality is forbidden by the Shari'ah law…read more
· Divorce is permitted as a last resort but it is advised to try and sort things out "of all the
lawful acts divorce is the most detestable to Allah"
· Reconciliation is extremely important especially if the couple have children
· The man must say "I divorce you" 3 times over a period of three months (to make sure
woman is not pregnant). This is known as talak.
· The woman can get a divorce in the same way (by talak) if it is written on her marriage
· Otherwise she has to apply to Shari'ah court (this is known as khul).
· After divorce they are both free to remarry…read more
· Sex is only to take place between a married couple as it is seen as gift, something special
that shouldn't be misused.
· Islam permits polygamy but does not encourage it. A man can have up to 4 wives at once
but must treat them equally.
· Couples to cohabit (live together outside of marriage) is frowned upon as it can encourage
sex outside of marriage.…read more
· Qur'an encourages procreation, and contraception goes against the will of God as "he gives
to who he wills"
· Some Muslims believe that is the right for both to try for children, so both must agree to
Contraception is permitted if (in most countries)
· There is a threat to the mother's health
· A great chance of a child being born with disability
· If the family is too poor to raise a child
· Some Muslims believe that the availability of contraception makes it less important that sex
is kept within marriage.…read more