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Human Geography Notes: Health

Why do we study health?
1. Mapping of diseases
2. Planning in healthcare systems
3. Spread of illness
4. Effects of diseases

Epidemiological Transition Model
An epidemiological transition model shows how over time, pestilence and famine mortality is
decreased and more people are dying due to…

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Leisure activities (smoking) Poor living standards
Diet (overweight) Social disease (HIV/AIDS)

Life Expectancy
Higher life expectancy in MEDC's but there are some exceptions:
A higher GDP doesn't always mean a higher life expectancy
Women have higher life expectancies than men. The difference between sexes changes
from country to country

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Threatens food growing which leads to food shortages
Children are left orphaned

Although there is no cure for AIDS, there are ways to help the spread of the disease and even
extend a sufferers life.
Continuing research hopes to find a vaccine
Prolonging life through drugs
Planning which helps…

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Increased urbanisation = people in cities lack activity
3. Food intake and diet
People in MEDC's can afford a wider range of foods which include unhealthier foods
A more demanding lifestyle also means less time to prepare food so people rely on
fast and convenience foods which are usually unhealthier

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Health: a state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing not merely the absence of
disease and illness
Mortality: death. Can be measured by death rate or infant mortality
Morbidity: living with illness
Wellbeing: how well people feel
Crude death rate: the amount of deaths per year per 1000…


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