How the Nazis became the largest party

Notes on different aspects of the growth of the Nazi Party including historians views and stats. A2 Edexcel history Germany 1933-1945

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Why did the Nazis become the largest Party in Weimar Germany?
What role did Hitler play in How well organised were How important were the SA Who supported the Nazis? Why did people support
the rise of the Nazis? the Nazis? and the role played by the Nazis?
violence?
Hitler's leadership qualities Nazi Party organisational Who joined the SA and why? Groups most likely to be Reasons why people voted
Politics is the art of using structure Rohm joined because he members of the Nazi Party for the Nazi Party
men's weaknesses for Gregor Strasser was the was a radical but not an The unemployed often Regardless of class
one's ends... Whoever organisation chief intellectual so for such joined the SA as they divisions many people
wishes to win over the The country was divided people the SA was the received food, uniform supported the Nazi party
masses must know that into areas (gaue), each most appealing activity and sometimes as they believed they
the key that will open of which had a Party Most original members accommodation would save Germany's
the door to their organisation led by the were former soldiers Many workers who felt economy, many joined
hearts...The art of Gauleiter who was who were demobilised betrayed by the SDP out of emotional rather
leadership consists of selected by and after the Treaty of joined the NSDAP, than logical reasoning,
consolidating the subordinate to Hitler but Versailles deceived by the name, particularly those
attention of the people was able to develop the Reasons for others believing that it was a without the support of a
against a single Party organisation to suit joining include hatred of true socialist party strong community
adversary (from Mein the local community communism, devotion to White collar workers and Propaganda was
Kampf), Hitler There were also groups Hitler, the allure of industrial workers made particularly effective
understood how to gain within the Party for violence and a purpose up the largest majorities among the upper middle
the support of many, so young people, women, in life as well as the in party membership classes
that he could lead them students, lawyers, benefits such as uniform, (about a quarter each) Mass meetings and
Hitler was opportunistic factory workers etc as meals and sometimes this was followed by rallies, charismatic
when it came to his well as the Nazi Welfare accommodation self-employed people, leadership and symbols
leadership of the Party, Organisation which This is reflected in the then civil servants and were used
for example using his provided food to those membership, over half then peasants Goebbels (1934):
trial in 1924 to gain in need,(following the were working class, Self-employed, farmers, "Propaganda was our
positive publicity for idea of many unemployed and white collar workers and sharpest weapon inc
himself, he also took Volksgemeinschaft) some `ruffians and public servants were all conquering the state,
advantage of the state bullies' over represented in and remains our sharpest
of disarray that that comparison to their weapon on maintaining

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Party fell into whilst he population in society in and building up the
was imprisoned to terms of party state"
re-found the Party in membership Many were attracted by
February 1925 based on Protestants were more the Nazis' economic
his own idea of likely to be party policies, favouring
führerprinzip, giving him members than Catholics autarky, regulation and
control of policy and Many different investment in industry; a
strategy, Hitler ideological strands third way between
reformed the Party with meant the movement Marxism and
a…read more

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Decided to use Weimar
democracy to achieve
power, rather than
another putsch
Methods of building support Why did the SA make a
Organisations (for positive impression on many
women, young people Germans?
etc) within the Party for The SA was an
different groups in instrument of
society enable the Party propaganda
to appeal to a wide One SA leader stated
range of people that "Where whole hosts
As well as national marh purposefully, stake
propaganda, the Nazis life and existence for a
were able to…read more

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Immediate Economic
Programme in the July
1932 election campaign
When meetings were
held the priority was to
make a big impact and
enthuse the public to
their campaign,
invitations were
personalised in smaller
villages, and always hand
delivered by Nazi
memebrs
Speakers were trained
by the Party for 12
months and had to speak
30 times in 8 months to
qualify, some also held
their own courses to
train more speakers,
they were provided
with information on
policy and propaganda
to ensure consistency,
over 6,000…read more

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Führer over
Germany') alongside
music, lighting and
`disciplined enthusiasm'
to project the Party
image
After winning power the
Nazis made use of radio
and film
The 1929 anti-Young
Plan Alliance with the
Nationalist Party allowed
the Nazi's to use the
media empire of the
Party's leader, Alfred
Hugenberg, this got
their message into the
press
The Nazi movement used
its own newspaper, the
Volkischer Beobachter…read more

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Groups most likely to vote How historians
for the Nazi Party interpretations have
In 1930 a higher changed over time
percentage of men than Originally many
women voted for the historians believed that
Nazi party but from 1932 it was Hitler's
onwards, in most areas, anti-Semitism that
a higher proportion of attracted support to that
women than men voted party, however it is now
for the Nazi party more commonly thought
The Nazi party received that he actually down
a higher percentage of played this…read more

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It was also widely
regarded until the 1980s
that the petty
bourgeoisie were the
core supporters of the
Nazi party but that their
rise to power was also
aided by the upper
classes, this led to left
wing historians laying the
blame on the right wing
for the rise of the Nazis
However, during the
1990s, with class
alignment being
questioned and other
factors influencing voter
behaviours such as
religion and local
community factors being
considered, as well as
the availability of new
technology and…read more

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Debate among historians
over Nazi voters
J. Noakes and B.
Peterson both argue
that the Nazis gained
much of their support
from the traditional,
protestant areas in the
north and east,
predominantly among
peasants and the
mittlestand and from
white collar workers and
civil servants and the
upper middle classes in
urban areas, rather than
blue collar workers
R.…read more

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Hitler's skills as a
communicator
Hitler possessed
powerful oratory skills
enabling him to capture
the audience with his
timing and expression as
well as being able to
identify the emotions
and opinions of his
listeners giving the Party
an edge over others,
according to Otto
Strasser, His words go
like an arrow to their
target...telling it what it
most wants to
hear...one of the
greatest speakers of the
century (from Hitler and
I, 1940), and E. A.…read more

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Ach Gott [Oh,
God], he knows how I
feel', `Gott sei Dank [God
be thanked], he
understands', (from
Darkness over Germany,
1943) as if hypnotised
Hitler also recognised
the importance of
propaganda and was
able to use it effectively
with his skills of
communicating with the
German people, similarly
to the 25 point plan, he
kept the messages used
flexible, in order to gain
mass support
Fundraising
Most money came from
members who paid a
subscription, made
donations and paid to
attend meetings (this
was…read more

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