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Catriona Ashley Miller

How successfully was England
governed during Edward's reign?
How well suited were Somerset and Northumberland to
What was Somerset like?

Stubbornly committed to particular policies
Man of action
Obsessed by problem of Scotland
Obsessive gambler
Mildly radical Protestant
Autocratic ruler ­ arrogant/rude/difficult to work with

Page 2

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Catriona Ashley Miller

Brought up by Sir Edward Guildford ­ Dudley married his daughter and was treated like a son
Received various court posts under H8 incl. Master of the Horse for Anne of Cleves
March 1542 became Viscount Lisle on death of stepfather
In 1540s earned military reputation in…

Page 3

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Catriona Ashley Miller

Poor leadership - DoS had alienated many through high-handed leadership. Reluctant to
delegate, by-passed Council, ruled from `the Protector's Palace'
Mishandling of foreign policy - failed campaign in Scot, Aug 1549 Fr declared war - Council
disappointed as saw FA as v important
Favouritism - DoS put…

Page 4

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Catriona Ashley Miller

2nd Dec Council had Prot. Majority

Northumberland takes power 1549-50

Early December Lord St John warned DoN that RCs Arundel/Southampton were planning to
use case against DoS to overthrow DoN, as he had been friend of DoS

13th December DoN declared to Council that anyone who sought…

Page 5

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Catriona Ashley Miller

What policy should was danger of provoking RCs into rebellion. E's RC sister Mary posed
govt. adopt towards particularly difficult problem ­ remained resolutely determined to retain
Reformation? faith and supported by some of leading figures at court and by HRE CV.
Therefore moves towards RCism would…

Page 6

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Catriona Ashley Miller

Social Policy under Somerset and Northumberland


Vagrancy Act

Number of poor in 16th century England was undoubtedly increasing, and becoming more mobile in
response to rapid expansion of key towns e.g. London. Traditional for govts to clamp down on poor
because of heightened fear…

Page 7

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Catriona Ashley Miller

Economic and financial policy under Somerset and Northumberland

Henry VIII's financial legacy

H had left son in deep financial trouble:

Debasement ­ 1544 H8 had begun large-scale debasement of coinage ­ tempting but
short-sighted way for govt to raise money. Raised £363,000 under H8 and £1,270,684 by…

Page 8

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Catriona Ashley Miller

continued. Commissions estab to inquire into state of finances and Winchester enforced stricter
accounting methods. Emergency household fund (privy coffer) was estab. N faced difficulty of
needing to keep tight grip on finances at same time as rewarding supporters with grants /
advantageous sales of land ­…

Page 9

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Catriona Ashley Miller

Grey). Methods aroused intense
opposition and at downfall 19 of
Council accused him of `malice and evil
government ... pride, covetousness and
extreme ambition'.
Use of the S effectively by-passed the PCo. N extended use and importance of PCo.
Privy Council that he called frequently His political…

Page 10

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Catriona Ashley Miller

S and N both tradit 16th century aristocrats, military men who had succeeded in politics due to their
ambition and astute handling of circumstances in which they found themselves.

S more ideologically motivated, allowing genuinely held social and religious beliefs to influence govt
policy. But both…


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