First 286 words of the document:
Success of New Federalism
New Federalism is a new version of federalism, introduced by Richard
Nixon to curtail the scope of the federal government. It advocates the use
of block grants, which states more discretion in spending federal money.
This is intended to give power back to the states taken during the New
· Unfunded Mandates and Welfare Reform Act, signed by Clinton, puts
restrictions on the federal government and returned significant
power to the states- enhances cohesion of the various government
(state/federal) on bills
· Supreme Court cases, such as United States v Lopez, ruled that
Congress did not have the power to legislate over public schools
(specifically, legislation involving guns and public schools). This
reaffirmed state rule in areas like education.
· States have independence on many issues;such as same sex marriage
and use of marijuana.
· Bush administration- He expanded the federal government as part of
his response to 9/11- the creation of the Department of Homeland
Security, and imposition of federal demands on states, such as No
Child Left Behind Act, sweeping education reforms- education was
usually the states area of jurisdiction
· Many states are now facing financial difficulties, following the
recession. This leads to more reliance on the federal government, for
example 1/3 of the state budgets were from federal governments,
more then it has traditionally been.
· Obama has also expanded the scope of the federal government, with
healthcare reforms and has actively restricted state powers in the
case of United States v Arizona, in regards to immigration.