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How satisfied were the Allied leaders with the Treaty of Versailles?
In January 1919 negotiations for of the Treaty of Versailles began. The main reason for the
treaty to be signed was to negotiate a peace between Germany and the Allies at the end of
World War I although Germany was not actually allowed to take part in the negotiations.
Georges Clemenceau, the French Prime Minister, would have felt the least satisfied with the
treaty as none of his aims were truly satisfied, in particular crippling the German economy
and destroying its military. The American president, Woodrow Wilson, was more satisfied
than France as the League of Nations was set up although he believed that the treaty was
too harsh on Germany. However, the British Prime Minister, David Lloyd George, was the
most satisfied of all the three Allied leaders because Germany lost all of its overseas
colonies and most of its navy and the reparations were not so harsh as to cease future
The French Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau had the aims of crippling Germany entirely.
As most of the war had been fought on French soil and France had suffered the greatest
losses of the Allies they had an insatiable desire for revenge. Clemenceau wished to leave
Germany crippled and with no chance of recovery. France wanted over £13 billion in
reparations to cover the cost of the damage and leave Germany economically ruined.
However, this was not as Britain or the USA would have it and they finally settled on the
sum of £6.6 billion which was very unsatisfying for France even though they would receive
the majority of the reparations. France also still felt threatened by Germany, they shared a
large border and believed Germany was still fit to fight and therefore they wanted Germany's
military to be entirely disbanded although the other Leaders again disagreed with France as
they believed the Germany would need some protection from communist threat to the
east. France was also disappointed as Germany was not split into smaller, minor states and
the Rhineland did not become independent of Germany although did become a demilitarized
zone. However France would have been satisfied as once again they gained Alsace and
Lorraine and other overseas German colonies.
Woodrow Wilson the American President went to the negotiations with the aim of
negotiating the fourteen points, having the League of Nations set up and a generally fair
treaty for all parties, including Germany. By the end f the negotiations the Americans would
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French as at least one of their major aims had been fulfilled
which was that the League of Nations would be set up, although America would not become
a member. America was also satisfied as the people of Eastern Europe received
self-determination, although the German overseas colonies fell to mandates. However, the
majority of Wilsons aims were not satisfied.…read more