How Golden were the Golden Years?

These are just a brief outline of a structure you could do for this, it just makes it a bit easier when planning i guess!

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  • Created on: 07-06-13 19:28
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How golden were the Golden Years??
American connection
Impact of `Fordism' and mass production ~ billboards for advertising
Advertising used to promote sales BUT only if people had the money/were using it
Was dynamic and idiosyncratic for Germany's markets and market leaders
By 1929 Germany had become worlds second industrial power behind US ~ real wages rose as
did the standard of living
Article 165 `workers and employers are called upon to co-operate on equal footing'
Meant that Government becoming more significant in worker and employer's so relations
were improved
Increased production
o BUT it was slow production
o BUT the use of Cartels (Tyssen and Krupp 1893) forced prices higher and many people
were increasingly cautious with what they were buying
As Stresemann said the economy was `dancing on a volcano'
1928-9 capital goods increase 2% but consumer goods decline 3%
World production declines from 14.3% in 1913 to 11.6% 1926
1929 German growth exceeded that of France by 33% regaining mantle as largest producer
From 1928 1/3 of farmers were operating at a loss ­ working in debt
Recession from 1927 ­ famers making too much around the world so prices reduce
1928 unemployment raising to 3 million
By the end of 1929 Weimar largely wasn't consulted ­ over the years Hindenburg gradually
turning the country into dictatorship through article 48
Election of Hindenburg 1915 was a +ve for the conservatives in the hope that he might
protect their interests ­ but ­ve or democracy ­ election of someone so anti-republic with
such power was questionable
However, shows how little support there was for the right still in 1928 they tried to pass a
law condoning TOV ­ freedom law but only got 14%
Generally the situation was of a weak constituency ­ 6 coalition governments where the
Chancellor had difficulty controlling them and making decisions
SPD made the situation worse by not working with any `bourgeoisie party' and with
Hindenburg wanting DNVP in every availably coalition forming a sustainable coalition became
pretty impossible
o E.g. SPD didn't co-operate with Muller's grand Coalition ­ labelled as political suicide
and the coalition broke up ­ about unemployment benefits
Dismissal of Chancellors over petty things ­ like changing the flag to imperial
Despite this there were no uprisings or coups from 1924 or major politicians assassinated
Turnout of elections also very high ­ 70+% showing support with the new regime
Pro Weimar Parties share of the vote also increased from 52% May 1924 to 73% in 1928 ­
but still 28% opposed to the regime

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Extreme parties such as KPD and NSDAP increasing their support in the countryside where
the situation was much worse
1928 ­ left made major gains and the right wings had a drop in their seat again made the
formation of government near on impossible
Foreign relations
Impact of Stresemann ­ S.…read more


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