How far do you agree that the use of repression was the main reason for the weakness of opposition to Tsarism in the years 1881 – 1914?

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How far do you agree that the use of repression was the main reason
for the weakness of opposition to Tsarism in the years 1881 ­ 1914?
I think that the use of repression is the main reason for the weakness of oppositions to
Tsarism in the years 1881 ­ 1914. This is because of many different reasons and factors. One
is because the Tsar enforced Russification of the country, meaning the people who were not
necessarily a true Russian who enforced the Russian Orthodox Church were made to. People
were taught about how Russia was great but not taught about the down sides and faults of
Russia. The universities were shut down meaning there was less education to make people
into the workers that Russia really needed. This resulted in many jobs that were needed to
produce essentials had less people to do them so not enough merchandise was there. This
also meant the Russian Orthodox Church taught the children in schools, as they had no
teachers from universities to teach them. The cycle of Russification was coming around
again as they were being taught the Russian history but not any defeats in wars and how to
be a perfect Russian. Those who did not belong to the church were uneducated because
they believed that only Russians who were part of the church should have the privilege to be
The Okhrana (the secret police) was also a big contribution in the weakening of the
opposition to Tsarism because they were on the Tsars side, so they were advised to arrest
anyone who did not obey the Tsars orders or were not being a true Russian. The Okrhana
created a lot of tension because everyone, including people who were very close and loyal to
the tsar were being checked and investigated. The censorship of newspapers and books was
also another big problem. The Zemstova, Church and Tsar censored things that were not
Russian as they believed it would cause an outburst of controversy. The Russians may read
things that contradict the Tsar so they censored it and made sure no Russian would read it.
Furthermore there were many groups and oppositions that wanted change. There were
parties such as the Liberals, Kadets and Octoborists who only wanted a bit of change
however there were parties such as the Social democrats, social revolutionaries and the
peoples will that wanted not just a bit of change but a revolution.
The Octoborists didn't want revolution they just wanted a few changes. They were founded
in 1905 and wanted changes to happen such as, keeping Russia united and a constitutional
monarch. They supporters consisted of many Liberals (the richer people) and the methods
they used were similar to the Liberals. Like the Octovorists, the Liberals wanted things such
as a constitutional monarchy and no death penalties. Majority of their supporters were
middle class, people such as teachers, and their methods used were persuation. They would
try and persuade the Tsar to give them power. Furthermore there was the Kadets (the
Constitutional democrats) which were also founded in 1905. This group also wanted a
constitutional monarch. Their supporters included educated people with an army background
and other than using persuation to get their own way they also used force.

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The social democrats were created in 1898 and was a Marxist party. Some people favoured
improving the lives of workers. Lenin wanted to overthrow Campitalism. Also there was
Social Revolutionary party which was founded in 1903 by Victor Chernov. They got people to
join this party by promising peasants their own land, they also promised to get rid of the
autocratic state and they also promised that education would continue.…read more


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