How far did society in the USA change in the 1920s?

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THE USA: How far did US society change in the 1920s?

What were the features of the roaring 20s?

Growing cities:
By 1920 more Americans living in towns rather than countryside.
Boom in skyscrapers in some cities e.g. NY as no more land ­ Empire State Building tallest in

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How widespread was intolerance in US society?

Majority of Americans immigrants or descendants of recent immigrants.
Immigration at an all time high from 1901-1910.
Jews from Eastern Europe and Russia fleeing persecution > America.
Italians fleeing poverty > America.
`Melting pot' of the world ­ ethnic groups in theory would…

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Black people in America:

First black people had been brought over as slaves ­ dominated the southern states.
Governments feared the power of black Americans ­ could not vote, denied access to good
jobs, worthwhile education ­ persecuted well into the twentieth century.
Ku Klux Klan:
White supremacy movement.

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knighthoods) ­ UNIA helped black people to set up businesses e.g. UNIA grocery stores,
laundries, restaurants and even a printing workshop.
Garvey set up a shipping line to support both the UNIA businesses and also his scheme of
helping black Americans to emigrate to Africa away from white racism ­…

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School ­ most people taught evolution.
Fundamentalists felt that this was undermining their religion ­ led by William Jennings Bryan ­
managed to pass a law banning the teaching of evolution in six states. Idea of evolution ­
sinful and wrong.
Biology teacher ­ John Scopes ­ deliberately broke the…

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High demand for alcohol ­ lots of money to be made.
Gangs compete ­ bring in alcohol ­ violence.
Al Capone ­ gang leader.
Al Capone + gang fought Bugsy Moran + gang on the St. Valentine's Day massacre.
In California there are 130 gang murders in 1926/7 but no…

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Start drinking and smoking in public.
Wild dancers.
Women began to go out without chaperones ­ made easier by the motor car.
In the home:
Electrical appliances ­ fridges, vacuum cleaners, irons.
Fridges ­ less time shopping and being a housewife ­ more time for other things e.g.
having fun.…


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