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How far did Russia change economically and
politically between 1881-1904?

Following the assassination in 1881 of Alexander II, his son Alexander
III took over from his father in that same year. When Alexander III
took over from his father, he employed Ivan Vyshnegradsky as
Finance Minister. Vyshnegradsky strove to improve…

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The main issue facing him at that period was that Russia had
insufficient funds to do all this, so he would have to get help from
foreign investments.

Sergei Witte personally identified that the hindrances to Russia's
economic development existed in the form of; insufficient Capital,
Lack of technical and…

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that the Trans-Siberian railway was completed by 1902, linking
European Russian with Asian Russia.

Russian's rapid growth however led to an over population in cities,
the places to find work, many people's living standards were lowered,
the average number of inhabitants in a St. Petersburg apartment
was 16. Many peasants…

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40% of housing had no sewage system. Rents were usually half of a
worker's wage. Women were paid less than men and real wages
seemed to be shrinking.

This led to widespread discontent amongst the working class and
middle class. This in turn gave way to radicalism. The reactionary
policies…

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increases but at the cost of radicalism, the repressive tendencies of
the government led to a strikes and revolution, even assassinations as
well. The Russian government intent on preventing revolution
actually in fact changed this for the worse in the future.

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