How effectively did the Nazi State operate 1933-1939?

A detailed summary of how the Nazi state operated and how effective it was - would be useful to add notes to or to use as an essay plan.

Based on the specification for Edexcel A2 From Kaiser to Fuhrer unit.

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Enya-Marie Clay
How Effectively did the Nazi State Operate 19331939?
1) Central Rule of Hitler
His aims as laid out in the 1920s were:
Eliminate Jews and other `non-Germans' e.g. Gypsies and homosexuals
Create the perfect Aryan race to strengthen the empire and prove it's worth
as well as keeping it pure.
Volksgemeinschaft ­ "people's community" ­ Hitler was intent on uniting
Germany and all German peoples under racial grounds in order to abolish
1000 year reich ­ Hitler believed the Nazi rule would last a thousand years
thus reconnecting it with the past when the Holy Roman Empire lasted for as
long and uniting Nazi ideology with traditional German culture.
Reverse the Treaty of Versailles ­ regarded as a diktat (dictated peace) by
many, Hitler was keen to reverse all of the conditions in order for Germany to
regain status and reputation as one of the Great Powers of Europe.
Lebensraum ­ "Living Space" was Hitler's desire to expand in order to follow
the theory that in order to progress evolutionary a species had to expand,
links with Social Darwinism (survival of the fittest)
Intentionalists believed it was a monocratic state
Ruled by one central figure
Overlap of departments led to rivalry
No clear plan ­ Social Darwinism, strongest will survive

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Enya-Marie Clay
Hitler was omnipotent
Structalists believed it was a polycratic state
Ruled by many
Individuals competed
Chaotic structure of organisations led to increasingly radical policies
2) Struggle Between Party and State
a) Hitler inherited the institution of the state intact but as a regime consolidated
power in order to fit the needs of the Nazi party.…read more

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Enya-Marie Clay
easy way to influence his decisions by choosing what information they allowed to filter
through to him.
- Often unwilling to take any decisions under the basis that the strongest contender
deserves to have his way > Social Darwinism
4) Hitler and the Gauleiters
The loyalty of his staff was very important to Hitler and he gave influence and patronage
in return for it.…read more

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Enya-Marie Clay
act also meant that the SS and the army were on side with Hitler and this signalled an
end of collective government and all power in the hands of the Fuhrer.
c) Bismarckian, Wilhelmine and Weimar policy was focused around Europe but Hitler
sought a "world view" on politics via the reverse of the Treaty of Versailles, Mittel
Europe and Lebensraum.…read more

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Enya-Marie Clay
b) Hitler was very radical thinker so `push pull' policy emerged. Leaders pushed towards
him and he `pulled them along'.
9) Hitler's Authority
a) Hitler's authority was unquestioned ­ most politicians are limited by a constitution
and Hitler was not. Additionally he claimed `to interpret the nation's will'. The support of
the SS, targeted propaganda and other factors such as control of businesses and
education emphasises the central importance of Hitler and others in `working towards
him'.…read more

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Enya-Marie Clay
with Hitler
-Bouhler and Action T4 1939 which allowed the use of euthanasia on disabled young
people in order to `spare them' from living with a condition that may hinder their quality
of life (and indeed, their capability to work). Initially this was at the request of the
parents with the permission of three medical professionals but it progressed to being
non-consensual without any medical evaluation.…read more


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