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Discuss two or more ways in which eating and satiation are controlled by neural mechanisms. (24)

Homeostasis is one explanation of how neural mechanisms control eating and satiation. According to
homeostasis, when a person's blood glucose level is low, the lateral hypothalamus is activated. This
creates a feeling of hunger…

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It has been suggested that the ventromedial hypothalamus is the `off switch' for hunger. Damage to
it results in hyperphagia- over eating. Stimulation to it causes inhibited eating. However, the
ventromedial hypothalamus may not be the only thing that affects satiety. Gold found that damage
to the paraventricular nucleus alone…

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