How does Scrooge change throughout A Christmas Carol?

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How does Scrooge change throughout the novel of `A Christmas
`A Christmas Carol' is set in the Victorian era where there was a large divide between
the rich and the poor. Dickens uses the allegorical character of Scrooge to show the
attitudes of the rich towards those in poverty and his exaggeration of Scrooge's
characteristics emphasises his change in character towards the end of the novella.
At the beginning of the novel, Scrooge is presented as a `tight fisted hand at the grind
stone' and a `covetous old sinner,' which shows that he is symbolic of greed and
meanness. Scrooge's cold nature is shown to the reader through Dickens' comparison
of Scrooge to the weather. The `cold within him' and `his own low temperature' are
symbolic of his lack of kindness and love at this point in the novel. Scrooge is also
presented as an uncharitable figure in the first stave as he refuses to donate to the
`provision for the poor' and think that the troubles of the poor are `not his business,'
showing the reader that he has no consideration for the poor and does not feel guilty for
his ignorance of them.
Stave Two shows Scrooge's first outbursts of emotion as he `sobbed' to see the
`solitary child' who symbolises his childhood. This shows that Scrooge has started to
remember his memories and suggests that the reason he has blocked them out is
because they are too painful for him. In contrast, he `exclaimed in ecstasy' when he
remembered his love for book characters. This `excitement' continues throughout the
stave as Scrooge revisits the Fezziwigs but his encounter with Belle is too much for
Scrooge to `bear' which tells us that he is still too stubborn to accept that the only way to
change is to embrace his memories. The light that `streamed from' under the Spirit's
cap `in an unbroken flood' shows that Scrooge is unable to forget the memories he has
relived with the Spirit. By the end of Stave Two it is obvious that Scrooge has become
more aware of his past, however he still hasn't fully accepted that he needs to change
his ways as he tries to send the Spirit away.
Stave Three shows Scrooge's realisation of the need of the poor as the Spirit of
Christmas Present takes him to see the Cratchits who are grateful for what they have,
despite it being small in quantity. However when the ghost `sprinkled incense' upon the
food of the poor, Scrooge asked why he should give to `a poor one most' which shows
that he still hasn't grasped that he has a responsibility to mankind and so questions
kindness when he comes upon it. At the Cratchits house, Scrooge asks if `Tiny Tim will
live' with `an interest he has never felt before. This shows that he is beginning to care for
other people for reasons other than gain and greed. We also see that Scrooge regrets
his words against the poor as he `hung his head to hear his own words' repeated back
to him. This indicates that he has realised that his actions have been wrong and
Katie Marrin

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His concern for `Ignorance' and `Want' at the end of the stave
shows his acknowledgement that poorer people do need help and contrasts with his
ignorance in Stave One. So at the end of this stave Scrooge is no longer hiding from his
problems, showing that he has a desire to change his way, a quality which was not
apparent at the beginning of the novella.…read more



Thanks-life saving resource.


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