how do we make cold environments more sustainable? issues and ways of making these issues more sustainable in Alaska

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How can cold areas be managed sustainably?
Issues in Alaska
Environment needs Economic needs
Need to preserve wilderness such as US need oil to improve their energy
ANWR as they are too fragile for security. Prices will fall due to less
development being imported
Peoples socio-economic needs can be
met from oil revenues- 85% of Alaska's
services paid for by oil money
Gwich'in people have a
socio-economic/cultural need to
preserve the Alaskan wilderness. They
say oil revenue is only a short term
basis where as there subsidence
agriculture is long term development
Reducing impacts of these issues in Alaska (the solutions to making it more
sustainable)
Main focus technique How it works
Reduce vegetation loss Lateral drilling Requires 1 drilling
from exploration platform as exploration
occurs below the surface.
Reduce vegetation loss Seismic exploration Pinpoint exact location of
from exploration oil and gas, so less
drilling needs to occur.
Happens on frozen
ground in winter to
protect permafrost from
vehicles.
Stop permafrost melt Insulated gravel or ice Prevents the conduction
pads and raise TAP's off of heat to the ground and
ground allows caribou to migrate
underneath
Reduce damage on Remote sensing (powerful Less exploration wells
landscape computers pinpoint needed reducing damage
oil/gas) on the landscape
Ensure economic benefits Taxation of oil companies Oil/gas companies pay
are passed on to society revenues for exploration
but they also sponsor key
services.

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