How did Trotsky help the Reds to win the Russian civil war?

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  • Created on: 25-02-12 13:29
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How did Trotsky help the Reds to win the Russian civil war?
Problems the Bolsh faced from Russian Army after 1917
No discipline
Desertion
Shortages of equipment
Outnumbered by Whites
No effective leadership
Ranks abolished
Not necessarily loyal
Morale
Boosted when train arrived
Proletariat felt superior
His presence inspired soldiers
He gave them cigarettes if worked well
Supplies
Trains fitted out in munitions & uniform supply centre
Discipline
Shot for desertion
Soldier who throws away rifle/ sells part of his equipment= shot
Families held hostage to ensure loyalty
Detachment retreats without orders= 1st show- commissar, 2nd- commander
Special troops imposed discipline
Political reported back to make sure they were in line
Organisation
Special train- constant contact with the Front
Army- strict hierarchal lines
Brought back 1000's of Tsarist officers to train & command army units
Army unit- political commissar to monitor
Soldiers committees ended

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