How did people protest against the Vietnam War?

OCR GCSE history

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How did people protest?
Early protest
o The anti war movement began during Lyndon B Johnson's presidency
o Students organized sitins
o Civil rights campaigners joined the antiwar movement (MLK and SNCC)
o Marches and demonstrations were held
o "Hey Hey LBJ, how many kids did u kill today?"
Opposition to the draft
o Exemptions to conscription seemed to favour the white wealthy middle
o The draft resistance movement gave advice to people on how to avoid the
o ¼ million "draft dodgers"
o Some publicly burnt their draft cards or ran away to Canada
o Others raided and destroyed draft offices
Protest grows
o 1970 ­ Nixon orders the invasion of Cambodia to destroy VC bases which
led to more protests
o May 1970 Kent state university ­ troops panicked when faced with angry
protestors and shot at the crowd killing 4 students.
o 400 more protests and strikes held
After the Tet offensive bombing of the north was reduced and the Paris peace
conference of 1968 began. Johnson knew that the war could not be won
militarily and decided not to seek reelection in 1968. Both democrat and
republican candidates promised an end to US involvement in Vietnam. Nixon
was elected as president in November 1968. His job was to end the war
without being seen to have handed over Vietnam to the communists or giving
up. "Peace with honour" was his stance. Henry Kissinger, Nixon's national
security adviser met with Le Duc Tho, the North Vietnamese peace
"Vietnamisation" April 1969
The US would continue to support the south with US air force and equipment
but the ARVN would do more of the fighting. By the end of 1971, almost
400,000 US troops had left Vietnam. Nixon had to show that he was not weak
so eh increased bombing raids on the north and invaded VC bases in
In Paris in January 1973, Le Duc Tho, Nixon and the South Vietnamese
president, president Thieu, signed a peace agreement in which they
committed to:
o Immediate cease fire
o Release of all POW's
o Withdrawal of all US forces and bases
o Full accounting for soldiers missing n action

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Selfdetermination for South Vietnam
Nixon had promised the continuation of financial aid and military support to
South Vietnam, but congress refused to allow this as it was seen as a waste
of money and they saw the regime of the south as corrupt and lacking in
support of the majority of the population.
Gerald Ford replaced Nixon following his resignation over the Watergate
scandal and he too could not convince congress to provide aid for South
Vietnam.…read more


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