How did Hitler go from chancellor to leader?

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How did Hitler go from chancellor to leader?
Reichstag fire- 27th February 1933
-the Reichstag was set on fire and a Dutch communist called Van der Lubbe was
found with matches.
-He was charged but it later become apparent that he had learning difficulties
-Hitler used the fire as an excuse to arrest his communist opponents and to break
up their meetings
-He also used it as a major platform in his March 1933 election speech
-Hitler persuaded Hindenburg to sign and emergency decree "the law for the
protection of people and state"
-the decree ended freedoms guaranteed in the constitution. This was issued by
Hindenburg using Article 48 and suspended civil rights. It gave the
government the power to arrest individuals without trial.
-it helped Hitler get rid of his biggest opponents
General election march 1933
-Hitler held a general election, appealing to the German people to give him a
clear mandate
-Only 44% of the people voted Nazi (288 seats), which did not give him a
majority in the Reichstag, so Hitler joined with the nationalists to have 647
Enabling act 23rd march 1933
-Hitler wanted complete power and introduced the enabling law, which
would allow him to make laws without consulting the Reichstag or
president for 4 years
-the law had to be approves by 2/3 of the gov and it was passed because the
SS and SA intimidated anyone who opposed it and stopped opposition
deputies from voting
-after the law was passed the Reichstag did not meet often and when they did it
was just to hear a speech from Hitler
Removal of opposition- local government
-nazis took control of the gov and the police and pit Nazis into important
positions in the government
-In april 1933, the central gov had the right to pass laws without asking local
-in Jan 1934, local govs were abolished and replaced with 18 recih govs who
carried out Hitler's policies at a local level
-Hitler set up the Gestapo (the secret police) and encouraged Germans to
report opponents and 'grumblers'. Tens of thousands of Jews, Communists,
Protestants, Jehovah's Witnesses, gypsies, homosexuals, alcoholics and
prostitutes were arrested and sent to concentration camps for 'crimes' as
small as writing anti-Nazi graffiti, possessing a banned book, or saying that
business was bad.

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Trade unions banned-2nd may 1933
-Most trade unions tended to be anti Nazi
-On the 1st may, Hitler declared a national holiday and the SS and SA raided
trade union offices and arrested the leaders
-Trade unions were banned and replaced with the German Labour front
which cut workers pay and took away their right to strike
Banned political parties-14th July 1933
-Law against the formation of new parties was passed
-It made German a one party state and banned other parties
-Most party leaders…read more


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