First 407 words of the document:
Timeline: between 1919 to 1934, how did
Hitler become the Leader of Germany?
In 1919... ...the Weimar Republic was established. In the Constitution, Article 48 was
designed to allow Hitler to enact laws and take certain actions without the express
permission of the Reichstag. This is significant, because the actual emergency was not
defined: anything could be classed as against the best interests of the Reichstag,
In 1929... ...the Wall Street Crash began. It was the most devastating crash of the
United States, and began the Great Depression. This was significant because the US had
to call back the foreign loans that it had been giving to Germany, and because these were
the loans that meant Germany was back on track and prospering.
In 1932... ...the German federal elections ran on the 31st July 1932. It had a 70.84%
turnout, and the NSDAP dominated the votes with 230 seats. However, 305 were needed
for a majority, so it meant another term without the rule of a majority Government. This is
significant as it showed people were prepared to be desperate in order to get back on
In 1933... ...Hitler became Chancellor of Germany on the 30th January 1933 after a frail
Hindenburg agreed to a plan to make Hitler Chancellor and von Papen as vice chancellor.
...the Reichstag Fire occurred on the 27th February 1933. A lone,
Communist pyromaniac was blamed for this: Marinus van der Lubbe. This was significant,
as it is not actually known whether he was responsible, or whether a `false flag' operation
...the Enabling Act was enacted. Under the alternate (and inaccurate) name
of "Law to Remedy the Distress of the People and the Nation": the laws were enacted now
by "the Government of the Reich" (Hitler), laws take effect on the following day, and treaties
with foreign nations were no longer in effect. Freedom of speech and other associated
rights were oppressed.
In 1934... ...the Night of the Long Knives happened: Hitler moved against the SA and
its leader Ernst Rohm. Hitler vowed to remove critics of his new regime: Rohm once said
that Hitler "had left unfulfilled the "socialistic" motive in National Socialism". At least 85
people died during the "purge", with more than a thousand opponents estimated to have