How accurate is it to say the reformist groups were the main causes of the 1905 revolution?

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How accurate is it to say growth of reformist groups in the years from 1881 was the main cause
of 1905 revolution?
Long term- social
· 80% peasants- poverty- a lot of ppl against him as he was making them work like slaves-
should have helped them because majority & produce the food
· Peasants reacted to famine with violence= had enough- attacked gov officials & destroyed
gov land holding records
· Poor working & living conditions- why wasn't the Tsar
Agricultural crisis: peasants had huge debts not enough land for everyone famine.
Rapid industrialisation: over populated cities workers living in slums wages low
hours long.
Long term ­ political
· Autocracy- gave Tsar all power but was mostly helping upper class
· No elected national parliament= demand for political reform
· Reformers had nothing in common apart hate for Tsar= desperation
ruled by a Tsar, who had complete control over the country. However, he was a weak ruler and
failed to rule his people properly
he treated opposition with violence and the Okhrana (the secret police)
Political repression compared with other countries democracies Tsar was VERY
WEAK and easily influenced.
Long term ­economic
· Size of peasant landholdings fell- they were angry- little father isn't helping them
· 1892,1898,190- harvest failures= famine- still squeezing the peasants
· Backwards agriculture compared to Europe
· Rapid growth of population of towns & cities- crowded- would work for less because want
Russo Japanese War- Catalyst
o R underestimated Japan-Jan 1905- forced to surrender-J- better tactics & more modern army

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National humiliation- why would they be proud of a Tsar that conducted such an army?- it was
his fault he had not modernised
· J- knew position of R ships & when they would arrive
· Unrest against the gov
· Economic troubles/consequences- lost men that could have worked in farming after wards
contributing to famine
it made the tsar look even weaker and gave encouragement to the revolutionaries
Russia's weapons outdated
people in high position in Russia's army friend of tsar rather than being…read more


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