Summary of Horace's satires with key quotes:

Book 1 Satire 1

Book 2 Satire 2

Book 2 Satire 6

Book 2 Satire 8

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  • Created by: Alice
  • Created on: 14-05-12 17:30
Preview of Horace

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Book 1 Satire 1 = Men being bored of their jobs and wanted to
swap jobs with other people. Also men refusing to retire to gain
wealth and hoarding money without spending it ­ no point.
Book 2 Satire 2 = Simple living and simple food is the best way
to live ­ through words of Ofellus.
Book 2 Satire 6 = Comparing country life to the city life.
Book 2 Satire 8 = Fundanius describing Nasidienus' dinner party.
Book 1 Satire 1:
Horace gives advice on how to live. The first satire is written as a
conversation addressed to Maecenas.
Lines 122: Horace starts by exploring the question of why men are discontented with
their lot and envy those in other jobs.
Memphimoiria is a desire for a changed lot:
Pair One ­ the soldier who envies the merchant, the merchant envies the
Pair Two ­ the lawyer envies the farmer, the farmer envies not the lawyer, but
those you live in the city. (pair doesn't quite work)
Horace observes that the grumblers wouldn't actually change roles ­ longing
for wealth.
Horace starts with attentiongrabbing generalisation
Uses direct speech and a question to create dramatic dialogue between himself,
Maecenas and the audience
Horace is poking fun at pairs ­ totally unrealistic
Humorous depiction of Jupiter
13: Fabius: someone who bored everyone with longwinded rant on Stoic philosophy
Lines 2340: Horace now explored the reasons men give for not giving up their jobs
they seem to hate so much.
One reason is that they want to save for a secure retirement (simile of ant). He gives
examples of those who work hard ­ farmers, barmen, soldiers & sailors. He thinks
secure retirement is just an excuse ­ can't be the real reason because men don't give
up their jobs when they have enough for retirement.
"What harm can there be in presenting the truth with a laugh" ­ Horace makes it
clear he intends to entertain as well as instruct his readers

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Horace uses a simile of an ant ­ used as an example of one who works hard to
acquire things ­ careful rather than greedy. Horace critics men who continually
work hard without a break to store up wealth.
Lines 4151: Horace explores competitive greed ­ every man want to be the richest.
Horace argues being richer than others won't cure discontent. Point of money is to
spend it ­ hoarding is pointless. You only need enough to live on.…read more

Page 3

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­ a man who is rich or with high social position who lives in an immoral way,
especially having sex with lots of women.
105: "wastrel" ­ someone who does nothing positive with their life
106: "things have a certain proportion" ­ `moderation in all thing' ­ stoic
Book 2 Satire 2:
Horace gives a `sermon' on the virtues of simple living. He puts the
words into the mouth of Ofellus, a person whom Horace has known
since they were boys.…read more

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­ Horace mocks preference to large fish because you have to
cut it into separate helpings ­ may as well have a small fish.
41: "warm south winds, come and `cook' their viands!" ­ Greedy people have more food
prepared than they can eat so it goes off in warm weather.
Lines 5369: Horace creates a balance by asserting that the opposite extreme, being
stingy, is just as bad.
Aidienus is given as an example of extreme stinginess.
65: "here's the wolf...…read more

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Be brave and face difficult times with a brave heart.
135: "no one will own it" ­ Stoic approach to life ­ no one owns land, but we hold on to it
137: "bravely throw out your chest...fate" ­ Horace ends on a strong and advisory note.
Book 2 Satire 6:
This poem is about wishes. Maecenas has given him a farm in the
Sabine Hills. It's about retreating from public life to find happiness in
an Epicurean ideal.…read more

Page 6

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­ reading, dozing, dining and talking. The conversation is
not of frivolous matters, but centres on ethical questions.
67: "I hand the rest to the cheeky servants" ­ Horace's slaves are well treated and his
guests drink as much wine as they choose.
75: This list of question is exactly the subject matter of Horace's satires.
Lines 76117: The country mouse is eager to please his city guest. The country mouse
(like Horace) entertains in rough surroundings and eats a simple dinner.…read more

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He called for larger tankards" ­ Nasidienus turns pale ­ worried they will either not
be able to taste the gourmet food, or will turn to drunken behaviour.
Lines 4353: show Nasidienus is a gourmet of the finest foods. All the ingredients
listed are the finest ­ exotic names and places and detailed knowledge of ingredients.
Lines 5395: have a mock epic tone, describing the `disaster' with the kind of language
used to tell a heroic tale. The language is highly poetic.…read more


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