homefront ww1

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  • Created on: 11-01-13 19:49
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DORA and government control
The scale of the First World War forced the government to take control of British society and the
British economy to an unprecedented extent. Propaganda was used to maintain morale on the home
front, and some people were directed into certain jobs, most obviously through mass conscription
into the army. By the end of the war the government was also limiting alcohol supply to try to keep
the workers productive and controlling food supply through rationing
Was introduced in August 1914.
Gave the government far reaching powers to decide..
o Where people worked
o Control industry
o Censor the press
o Control food production and supply
The British were heavily dependent on imports of food and fuels
By 1916 there were widespread shortages and prices rose and consequently malnutrition
became more common.
The German's use of unrestricted submarine warfare from 1917 exacerbated the problem as
many supply ship were sunk
Hunger was a frequent occurrence among the poor in urban areas as the price of most basic
foods doubled between 1915 and 1917
October COAL
January SUGAR
The government was reluctant to impose compulsory controls on food and first tried a voluntary
rationing scheme in February 1917, but with food supplies still being in trouble compulsory was
introduced in 1918
Control of Alcohol

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The government introduced a number of measures to deal with the problems of drunkenness ,
hangovers and the perceived problem of women drinking (thought to have increased during the war
as women had more independence as some women had more independence and more money to
Intoxicating liquor act (temporary) 31st August 1914, allowed for restrictions of opening
hours for pubs
In June 1915 central board of control was established to restrict alcohol sales in certain areas:
by 1917, 93% of the public were restricted…read more

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Munitions In response to the crisis over munitions in May 1915, the ministry of munitions was
formed.…read more

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Press propaganda and censorship
War reporting
Initially war correspondents were not permitted to report from the western front as military
authorities were concerned that their reports might damage morale.
After some MPs complained about the lack of reliable reporters, Colonel Swinton (an army officer)
was used, but his reports were censored.…read more


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