Hitler's Germany 1929-1939

A summary of German under Hitler's rule from 1929-1939. 

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  • Created on: 11-05-12 09:15
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Hitler's Germany 1929-39
Weimar government and Depression
In 1932 unemployment hit 6 million in Germany. The government did not
know how to deal with the speed and severity of the economic crisis. They
decided to print more money.
In 1931 Hitler came to power as German chancellor. Bruning introduced
several policies that made things much worse; raised taxes - business fell, lowered
unemployment benefits ­ bought less. As a result the government fell.
(Hindenburg ruled under Article 48)
Nazis and the Depression
The German anger about Versailles re surfaced and the people began to
turn to extremist parties who promised to take action (communists or fascists).
Support for the Nazi party grew as they promised jobs and economic recovery and
growth. They were well organized and this was appealing in contrast to the chaos.
Joseph Goebbels was in charge of propaganda organized a `Hitler over Germany
campaign'.
They had many financial sponsors including Henry Ford who was against
communism and saw them as an answer. The SA (Nazi Stormtroopers) started
fights in the streets with communists `all opposition should be stomped to the
ground'. Hitler later said the Nazis would bring law and order to the violence.
Elections 1930-33
The Nazis were the largest single party in the Reichstag. After Franz von
Papen was appointed and resigned Hitler was appointed chancellor in 1933 and
Hindenburg felt he could still control Hitler but they underestimated him.
How did HITLER become CHANCELLOR?
- Weak Weimar Government
Anger at Treaty of Versailles
Nazi organization and propaganda
Depression and Unemployment
SA Storm troopers
Support from rich industrialists
Democracy to Dictatorship
Reichstag Fire ­ February 1933 the Reichstag building was set on fire, and
a Dutch communist van der Lubbe was found with matches in his pocket. He

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The crime was very convenient for Hitler and
many suspect that it was the Nazis who started the fire although there is no proof.
The fire turned many against communists, leaders were arrested, their radio
station closed. There was no longer any significant opposition to Hitler.
In 1933 Hitler democratically won the election with 288 seats.
Enabling Law
The `enabling law' allowed Hitler to pass laws without the Reichstag
consultation.…read more

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How was HITLER able to establish a DICTATORISHIP?
Really Reichstag Fire
Good General Election
Eagles Enabling Act
Land Law against Formation of New Parties
Near Night of Long Knives
Tortoises Trade Union abolition
+ Hares Hindenburg's Death
Concentration Camps
In 1933 concentration camps were established initially for political
prisoners. With in 6 years (1939) they had become places of torture and murder.
Some became extermination camps. The courts had been sworn to Hitler and were
used for political and criminal cases.…read more

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In 1935 it was compulsory to join the Hitler Youth and by 1939 8million
belonged to it. Smart uniforms were worn and they took part in parades, leisure
activities such as sports and gymnastics. They were marked on their activities and
the best were selected for `Adolf Hitler Schools'. There was also League of
German Maidens.…read more

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Cooker, Church and Children were the three C's for women in Nazi
Germany. Marriage was encouraged by 1000 marks and 250 per child they had.
Racially pure men could impregnate unmarried women. Slim women were
discouraged.
Did Germans BENEFIT FROM NAZI RULE?
Yes
1. Full employment
2. Autobahns (schools, hospitals)
3. Law and Order
4. Hitler Youth and BDM for young people
5. Pride and Hope
No
1. Loss of personal and political freedom
2. Fear of SS and Gestapo
3. Indoctrination
4.…read more

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The old, sick and female were killed immediately. Six million Jews
died in the holocaust.
Other groups were also targeted such as gypsies, black people,
homosexuals, tramps, alcoholic and the disabled (mentally and physically).…read more

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