Hitler and the Nazi party

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Grace Goodwin
Hitler and the Nazi party
Adolf Hitler was born in Austria in 1889 and both his parents died when he was
young. His father died when he was 14 and his mother when he was 18. Some say that
Hitler's hatred of Jews began when he blames the Jewish doctor looking after his
mother, for her death. Hitler had little education and no job but applied to the Royal
Academy of art in Vienna. He was rejected by them and forced to live in hostels and to
take whatever work he could find. He developed a strong interest in politics and he
supported Nationalist parties. He developed a dislike of foreigners and Jewish people.
In 1913, he left Austria to live in Munich and when WW1 broke out, he joined the
army. He was wounded twice in action and promoted in corporal. He also was
awarded the Iron Cross.
GWP/Nazi party
After WW1, Hitler returned to Germany as a spy for political parties. One of the parties
he investigated was the German Workers party. The GWP was only a small group who
were Nationalist, Socialist and Anti-Semitic. Hitler found that he agreed with their
policies and joined. He soon became leader of the party. He changed the parties name
to the Nationalist, Socialist German workers party.(Nazi party)
In 1921, Hitler set up a private army called the SS whose members were young men
and soldiers. Their role was to protect the Nazi party but they were known to attack
other political parties. Hitler developed the swastika, which became the symbol of the
party. Rich people who hoped that Hitler could stop the communists funded the party.
Nazi ideology
The Nazi party had ideas that appealed to everyone. In 1920, they set out their
25-point programme, which included:
Unifying all Germans into one country
Abolishing the treaty of Versailles
Gaining more land and colonies to feed the people
Expel immigrants
Improve pensions
Demand a strong central government
Give tenant farmers the right to own their land
These policies appealed to different sectors of society. The most popular point was
abolishing the treaty of Versailles, nearly every German was angry at being blamed for
the war.
Munich Putsch
The Nazi party was slowly gaining in popularity (the membership of the Nazi Party
grew from 6,000 to 55,000 in 1923).and in 1923 Hitler was convinced that he could
win a putsch due to Germanys terrible economic state. He has support from army
officials such as General Ludendorff. In Nov 1923, the Nazi party attacked and seized
key positions in Munich. However the authorities were alerted to the attack and Hitler

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