History - The Cold War, 1945-1975 - Timeline of Key Events

A timeline of key events over the period of 1945-1975 relating to the Cold War

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The
Cold
War,
1945-1975
Timeline
1945
-
WW2
ends,
Hitler
and
Nazism
destroyed,
USA
and
USSR
rise
as
the
two
world
superpowers
-
Yalta
Conference
(February)
-
Roosevelt
dies
(12th
April),
replaced
by
Truman
-
Allies
test
Atomic
Bomb
(July)
and
later
use
one
in
Japan
-
Stalin
takes
control
of
BalKc
States,
Finland,
Poland,
Czechoslovakia,
Hungary,
Romania
and
Bulgaria
-
Potsdam
Conference
(July)
-
Churchill
sends
troops
to
`restore
order'
in
Greece
(to
fight
the
Communists)
-
Viet
Minh
enter
Hanoi
and
declare
independence
-
France
re-enter
Vietnam
(and
stay
unKl
1954)
1946
-
In
a
speech
in
America,
Churchill
describes
how
an
`iron
curtain'
has
fallen
across
Europe
1947
-
Stalin
sets
up
Communist
InformaKon
Bureau
(Cominform)
-
In
Greece,
first
implementaKon
of
the
Truman
Doctrine
-
IntroducKon
of
the
Marshall
Plan
1948
-
Communist
rising
in
Czechoslovakia
(March)
-
BriKsh,
American
and
French
zones
of
Germany
merge
to
become
`Trizonia'
-
IntroducKon
of
new
currency
in
West
Germany
-
Berlin
Blockade,
supplies
liZed
into
Berlin
(June)
1949
-
End
of
Berlin
Blockade
(May)
-
Stalin
sets
up
Comecon
-`Trizonia'
becomes
the
Federal
Republic
of
Germany
(West
Germany)
(May)
-
The
Soviet
zone
becomes
the
German
DemocraKc
Republic
(East
Germany)
(October)
-
NATO
formed
-
USSR
tests
its
first
atomic
bomb
1950
-
Korean
war
begins
-
with
backing
from
the
USSR,
North
Korea
a]acks
the
South
1951
-
1952
-
USA
develop
first
Hydrogen
bomb
1953
-
End
of
Korean
war
1954
-
South
East
Asia
Treaty
OrganisaKon
(SEATO)
formed
-
Peace
conference
held
in
Geneva
1955
-
Central
Treaty
OrganisaKon
(CENTO)
created
-
Warsaw
Pact
formed
-
USSR
develop
their
own
Hydrogen
bomb
-
USA
help
Ngo
Dinh
Diem
set
up
the
Republic
of
South
Vietnam
1956
-
1957
-
USSR
begin
tesKng
world's
first
InterconKnental
BallisKc
Missile
(ICBM)
(May)
1958
-
1959
-
AZer
three
years,
Fidel
Castro
overthrows
General
BapKsta
in
Cuban
RevoluKon
1960
-
Eisenhower
authorises
CIA
to
invesKgate
ways
of
overthrowing
Castro
(June)
-
Viet
Cong
formed
(December)
1961
-
President
Kennedy
cuts
off
all
diplomaKc
relaKons
with
Cuba
(January)
-
Bay
of
Pigs
invasion
(April)
1962
-
Soviet
Union
announces
it
is
supplying
Cuba
with
arms
(May)
-
Cuba
has
best
equipped
army
in
LaKn
America
(July)
-
Kennedy
says
he
will
prevent
by
`any
means
necessary'
Cuba
becoming
an
offensive
military
base
-
American
spy
plane
takes
photos
of
nuclear
missile
sites
in
Cuba
(14th
October)
-
Kennedy
informed
of
discovery
and
forms
Ex
Comm
(16th
October)
-
Kennedy
decides
on
a
blockade
of
Cuba
(20th
October)

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Kennedy
announces
blockade
and
calls
on
USSR
to
withdraw
missiles
(22nd
October)
-
Kennedy
receives
le]er
from
Khrushchev
saying
the
USSR
will
not
observe
the
blockade
(23rd
October)
-
Blockade
begins
(24th
October)
-
Kennedy
receives
long
le]er
which
says
missiles
would
be
removed
if
the
blockade
was
liZed
and
the
safety
of
Cuba
was
assured
(26th
October)
-
Kennedy
receives
2nd
le]er
from
Khrushchev,
revising
his
proposals,
an
American
U-2
plane
is
shot
down
and
the
pilot
killed,
Kennedy
replies
to
Khrushchev's
first
le]er…read more

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