History revision for WW1

History revision I made on the topics for the test around WW1, including:

Reasons for ww1, shliffen plan, trenches and attacking them, battle of the Somme, tanks, us joining the war, operation Michael, nazi soviet pact, Dunkirk, battle of Britain, Barbarossa, Normandy landings, camps, atomic bombs, key battles, naval warfare, Jutland, treaty of Versailles, Ww2, blitzkrieg, war in pacific

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  • Created by: Lucy :)
  • Created on: 14-03-13 17:05
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Reasons for ww1, shliffen plan, trenches and
attacking them, battle of the Somme, tanks, us
joining the war, operation Michael, nazi soviet
pact, Dunkirk, battle of Britain, Barbarossa,
Normandy landings, camps, atomic bombs, key
battles, naval warfare, Jutland, treaty of Versailles,
Ww2, blitzkrieg, war in pacific
Reasons for WW1
Alliance system
Defensive alliances
Triggered if aggressors attacked other innocent nations
Idea was that they'd discourage aggression and ensure peace.
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austro-Hungarian Empire, Italy
Triple Entante
Britain, France Russia
Other Alliances
Britain, Belgium ­ to make sure it didn't become strong
Germany, Turkey ­ could stop Dead Sea trade
Russia, Serbia ­ helped each other
A small conflict between two weaker powers had the potential to escalate into a major
European War. This is what happened in 1914.
Naval rivalry
Between Britain and Germany
1898 Britain was highest and biggest navy in Europe
Britain ­ island- better off with navy not land based protection
1805 Britain most powerful navy ­ Battle of Trafalgar
Decided they needed to be x2 the size of next biggest navy
1898 Germany decided they wanted to build navy that matched size and strength
of British
Decision was made by Kaiser Wilhelm II
Move was dangerous so British built new ship
1903 novel called Riddle of the Sands by Erskire Childers
Fictional info but worried Britain
1906 new ship ­ HMS Dreadnought, Dreadnought class ready
Ship advantages:
Powerful gunnery
15in diameter guns
9km range
Germans responded with German dreadnought which was better
Climate of tension, fear built up, alliance system lead to further worry so they
worked on land arms (Britain only had 7000 ground troops!)

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Problems in the Balkans
Balkan region was dominated by Austro-Hungarian Empire
Empire controlled by German-speaking Emperor, Franz Josef, in Vienna
Contained different nationalities :
o Czechs
o Slovaks
o Slovenians
o Ruthenians
o Germans
o Serbians
o Croations
o Hungarians
o Poles
Some of these Nationalities wanted independence
Most troublesome were Serbian minority who wanted to be part of Serbia
They lived on border of the two in a region called Bosnia
Some resorted to terrorism in 1914
Region was dangerous because of alliance system,…read more

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Trench Tactics
Attacking a Trench
(1) Preparation
Bombardment
First loosen the barbed wire
Then attack trenches
It was a primary preparation of attack
Lasted a week
Problems
Used in battle of the Somme, a third of shells didn't go off so barbed wire didn't
untangle but tangled more
Harder to cut through when it came to the attack
Over 50,000 British casualties.…read more

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Mining
Started at night so couldn't be seen
Night men sat by barrels of water, if rippled they knew digging was taking place
Sometimes each side met in the middle
Took a long time, in which things could change
Big bombs created a massive crater which meant attacking soldiers were vulnerable
against machine guns
Hard to get back out of craters
Chalk earth was easy to see by observation planes
Key Battles
Battle of the Somme
British and French attack on German lines on the…read more

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US died
US outraged, president Wilson made threat, stop otherwise we'll join war
Germans stopped
Feb 1917 started again trying to end war quickly
c) Zimmermann Telegram
2) Russian Withdrawal from WW1
Why did Russia leave the war in 1917?
a) Russian Revolution
b) Military Failure
Operation Michael
Tanks
Known as wonder tanks
H.…read more

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