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The Treaty of Versailles
The Treaty of Versailles was an agreement of settlement that was signed, after World War
one, (1918) in the vast Versailles Palace near Paris between Germany and its allies. The three
most important politicians there were DAVID LLOYD GEORGE, GEORGES CLEMENCEAU
DAVID LLYOD GEORGE - He was the major British politician present at the treaty of
Versailles. Although he wanted Germany to suffer he felt that that the last thing they
wanted was the RUSSIAN REVOLUTION(1917) to spread west, and he saw that Germany
was the only barrier that could protect them from the communist.
GEORGE CLEMENCEAU - He was the senior French representative at the Versailles
settlement. Unlike DAVID LLYOD GEORGE he wanted Germany to be destroyed.
WOODROW WILSION ­ He was the president of America when the treaty was signed. He
agreed with DAVID LLYOD GEORGE, he also felt that Germany needed to stay relatively
strong to act like a barrier as he feared the communism would spread.
The treaty was signed on the 28th of June 1919
Content of the Treaty of Versailles
Danzig- Made a free city under the League of Nations.
The Polish corridor- It was given to Poland so they could access the sea; it split
East Prussia and Germany.
The Saar- It was put under the League of Nations control for fifteen years.
Territory- Germany lost land
Reparations- Germany had to pay £6600 million for the damage
Army- Navy was limited to 1500 men, army was limited to 100,000 men but there were no
tanks, no Airforce and no submarines
War Guilt- Germany was to accept for blame for the war, Germany hated this the most.
(Article 231)
League of Nations- They were not allowed to join

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Treaty of Neuilly 1919- Bulgaria
Reparations- Had to pay £100 million
Military Restrictions- Limited to 20000 men
Territory- Lost land to Yugoslavia and Greece.
Treaty of St Germain 1919- Austria
Reparations- Austria agreed to pay but the collapse of the bank of Vienna in
1922, meant nothing was paid.
Military Restrictions - An army of no more than 30,000 men.…read more

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The League of Nations
The League of Nations was formed just after world war one, it was Woodrow Wilsons idea
however America did not join the League of Nations. Germany was not allowed to join the
League of Nations as it was one of the terms of the treaty.…read more

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Why it was difficult to disarm
Countries will feel venerable to attack
Can't trust leaders
Where do all the weapons go
What constitutes as a weapon
People rebel/ Civil war
Weapons increase economics
Locarno Treaty
Germany involved
France happy
1926 Germany joined L of N
Peace agreement
Kellogg-Briand Pact
Greeted as a turning point in history
War is wrong, but keep your armies
What were the social successes of the L of N?
Russia- 400,000 ex-prisoners of war were repatriated (returned Home)
Sierra Leone…read more

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Aggression in Manchuria (an example of the failure of the
1. In the 1920's China was weak and in many area local leaders (war lords) were
more important than the government. Japan took advantage of their
weakness to `expand' its interest in Manchuria.
2. Kwangtun army were already based in Manchuria to protect the territory
gained from Russia in 1905. Japan owned the railway but they feared
China was getting stronger as people were moving into Manchuria.
3.…read more

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Reasons why Mussolini wanted to invade Abyssinia
No major country owned Abyssinia
To distract them from unemployment
They had land surrounding Abyssinia
The league wouldn't stop them
Wanted to own an empire
League of Nations reaction
Verbal warning
Trading sanction
Invasion takes place
Secret meeting- Hoare-Laval pact
Appeal to league of nations- no help
The League of Nations tried to intervene by giving a verbal warning in September 1935
by Sir Samuel Hoare. Mussolini ignored the warning and invaded in October.…read more

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Collapse of international peace in the 1930's
Wall Street crash
After world war one the average income per capita was $1400. It started to rise and
by 1929 it was at $1800 however it suddenly dropped to $1200.…read more

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How did it affect other countries?
Other countries cannot afford to buy American goods anymore as the cost
too much.
USA stopped loans to other countries
USA imported less goods from other countries
How does it affect the League of Nations?
The Wall Street crash affected the League of Nations as they wanted to encourage
co-operation through trade.…read more

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Terms of the What Hitler did and The reasons The response
Treaty of when to break the Hitler gave from Britain
Versailles term of the treaty for his and France
Germany's Introduced He wanted to Nothing, they
armed forces to conscription, feel protected, agreed to work
be severely compulsory military he felt threaten together to
limited service by France save the
(March 1935) existing
treaties.…read more


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