History of medicine, important people, overview

a table with the most important people, their discoveries and their time period.

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  • Created by: caty
  • Created on: 21-04-12 08:32
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Who? When? What?
Hippocrates Ancient Greece Four humours
Hippocratic oath
Wrote medical books
Made scientific experiment important
Galen Ancient Rome Built on the four humours (opposites)
Proved that the brain controls the body
Wrote hundreds of books
Ambroise Pare Renaissance A barber surgeon
Created a new mix to clean wounds from the battlefield - turpentine, rosewater, egg yolk
Invented the crow's beak- the pinch shut arteries
Invented ligatures to tie shut arteries
The first to start developing artificial limbs
William Harvey Renaissance Worked on anatomical knowledge
Figure out that the heart was a pump and that it pumped blood around the body
Proved that blood wasn't used up like a fuel - they needed to replace lost blood
Proved Galen was incorrect about blood passing from one side of the heart to the other
through holes in the septum
Andreas Vesalius Renaissance He stole corpses, boiled away the flesh, reconstructed the bones
He then drew and labelled every bone, tendon, muscle and ligature and gave some of them
His drawings were published in a book - the fabric of the human body
Al- Razi Medicine in the Muslim Wrote over 200 medical books
World (860-925)

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Followed many ideas of the reeks and romans but also came up with his own
Ibn-Sina Medicine in the Muslim Wrote the medical encyclopaedia called the canon
World (980-1037) Included many Greek and roman ideas
Known as the `Galen of Islam'
Robert Koch Industrial Revolution A trained doctor with much more knowledge, patience and skill than Pasteur had
He developed ways of identifying which microbe caused a certain disease
Found ways of staining transparent germs so he could photograph them and view them
under a…read more

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Alexander Fleming Industrial Revolution Discovered Penicillin
However abandoned his work as he didn't have the sufficient funds to grow large quantities
of it. He would need government funding
Florey and chain 1939-1945 They worked on Fleming's discovery and grew enough to test it on mice
Still didn't have enough funding - however as war continued the government believed it was
a good investment.…read more


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