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Prehistoric and Aboriginal Medicine

Prehistoric people were:

Nomads ­ meaning that they had no fixed home and they moved around
They were hunter-gatherers ­ they got all their food without farming
They lived in small groups without complicated political arrangements
They had very simple levels of technology ­ spears, bows…

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stomach pains dealt with by chewing orchid bulbs and cuts were covered in
animal fat and kangaroo skin.

Egyptian Medicine

How did life in Egypt affect medicine?

The rich could afford doctors to look after them. These doctors spent much
of their lives trying to improve their understanding of medicine…

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They used simple surgery such as removing cysts and covered cuts with
willow leaves and bark ­ we now know it to be an antiseptic.

Public Health in Ancient Greece

In Ancient Greece the idea of having a healthy lifestyle to maintain a healthy
body was very popular. The Greeks…

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Others were healed by the strength of their belief in the healing power of
the god Asclepios.

The main change of ideas in Greek people was that they began to think of more
natural causes for disease, more rational explanations instead of only the fault of
the gods and spirits.…

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Roman Medicine

Public health is the measures taken by a government to look after the health
of its people
The Romans built:
Aqueducts ­ they transported water to buildings
Bathhouses ­ they were cheap to visit and encouraged personal hygiene
Public toilets ­ they were flushed clean with running water…

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The collapse of the Roman Empire

Following the collapse of the Roman Empire, Europe was plunged into chaos
Medical libraries were destroyed
Rulers spent money on armies and defences rather than public health
There was less travel ­ less sharing of knowledge
Training of doctors was abandoned
Galen's books were…

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Medieval Medicine

Surgery in the Middle Ages

Surgery performed in the Middle Ages was limited, painful and often fatal

Two different groups of people performed surgery at the time:
Barber-Surgeons were barbers who cut people's hair and also performed
some surgery. They learnt surgery as a trade and so had…

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They provided nursing, clean and quiet conditions, food, warmth and
sometimes surgery.
These were not provided by the government but by the church

Why were people still reading Galen in the medieval times?

When Galen's ideas were rediscovered in Europe the church pushed his ideas
because Galen's ideas fitted in…

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The Black Death

The black death came to Britain in 1348 and killed between a third and a
half of the population
The disease manifested itself through fever, vomiting, headaches and buboes
in the armpit or groin
After a few days the victim either recovered or developed dark bruising all…

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The Renaissance

Renaissance means `The rebirth' - It was the beginning of old idea's being
Advances in printing and art meant that doctors were better able to
produce records of their work and make books for others to be able to
learn from.
Artists attended dissections of humans and…


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