History - Cold war (entire syllabus): Edexcel

This took me almost two days to make so I hope it is useful! It is a lot of writting, but it is everything you need :) I will make some notes too soon, but for now, this is it. Good luck in your exam guys!

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History Edexcel
Cold war ­ 1943 to 1991
Unit One ­ How did the cold war develop?
Tehran Conference: 1943

The Big three attended (Stalin, Roosevelt and Churchill)

Things they agreed on:

That they Soviet union could have a sphere of influence in
Eastern Europe

Things they disagreed on:


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A line was to be formed between Poland and Germany

Things they disagreed on:

Germany: Stalin wanted to cripple Germany to protect the USSR, Truman wanted it to recover. Stalin
was suspicious over why they wanted to protect Germany
Reparations as Stalin wanted huge compensation from
Germany but Truman didn't…

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The USSR would try to extend its power and influence by encouraging communists in other countries
to try to gain power. He recommended the USA try to contain the spread of Communism

The Transaction of Greece: 1947

When the Germans left Greece in 1944. There were 2 rival groups, the…

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to help the economies of Europe to recover

He recommended that $17bn was made available but Congress initially refused. However in March 1947,
Czechoslovakia became communist and a pro-American minister was pushed out a window. Congress
accepted the Marshall plan immediately.

Only 16 European countries accepted it, all western European…

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What NATO allowed:

The USA was now formally committed to the defence of Western Europe
Stalin did not see it as a defensive alliance but as a direct threat to the USSR
The USA was able to build air bases in Western Europe where planes armed with nuclear weapons

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He then planned to leave the Warsaw pact and become neutral in the cold war.

Khrushchev couldn't accept this as it would leave a gap in the iron curtain and the buffer zone would be
broken. Soviet troops and 1,000 tanks moved into Hungary to crush the uprising



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Between 1949 and 1961, 3 million East Germans had fled to the west via West Berlin from where
they could travel to West Germany.
These skilled East Germans were crucial to maintain a fair and working communist society

Why were there so many refugees?

East German government was unpopular

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The Western Nations had to be satisfied with a propaganda victory only as there was little western
powers could do to prevent the wall being built.
27th October 1961
Tension between the two Superpowers mounted.
Soviet tanks pulled up to Checkpoint Charlie and refused to allow any more crossings to…

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June 1960 Eisenhower secretly authorised the CIA to try to overthrow Castro. They provided support
and funds for Cuban exiles and investigated ways to disrupt the Cuban economy.
US companies refused to co-operate with any Cuban business allied with the USSR
American media broadcast relentless criticism of Castro
Castro assured…

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25th - Kennedy wrote to Khrushchev asking him to withdraw missiles from Cuba, missile bases still
being built on Cuba.
26th - Kennedy receives a second letter from Khrushchev saying if the blockade was lifted they
would remove the missiles.
27th - Khrushchev sends another letter saying the USA has…


Shahnaz Uddin



it was very useful



Really good! Thanks x



Thank you so much. this is really useful, much better than the textbooks!!!! Literally a lifesaver.



Really useful! Thanks!






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