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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1




History
Unit One ­ International Relations
The Origins of the First World War
Why were there two armed camps in Europe in 1914?
The War to End All Wars

(This section is not needed for the exam; however it is useful…

Page 2

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



marched through Belgium to attack France, Britain had to defend
Belgium, so was therefore drawn into the war.




Each country was heavily armed and had reasons for distrusting other
countries in Europe.

The Triple Alliance:
o Germany
In a war against…

Page 3

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



a very strong army, so Austria-Hungary wanted more
protection.
o Italy
Italy's main reason for joining was to build an
overseas empire. As it wasn't a particularly strong or
powerful country, it needed Germany and
Austria-Hungary's support.
The Triple Entente
o…

Page 4

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



in Austria-Hungary's empire and Russia felt it should
have influence over them. As well as building up a
strong army, Russia felt it needed to join the Entente
because it was weak (especially after the lost war
with Japan and an…

Page 5

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



o The French were furious at his interference and a
conference was held in Algeciras in 1906. At this
conference, the Kaiser was humiliated and his views
rejected ­ making him bitter.
o It also highlighted how Britain and France's alliance…

Page 6

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



The Serbs were forced to back down because the Russians
wouldn't support them.
o The crisis meant that the next time the Austrians did
something to humiliate Serbia it would be much harder for
the Russians to turn a blind eye.…

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



1907 -
1908
1909
1910
1911
1912
1913
1914
Total 29 17




Why did War Break Out in 1914?
The Schlieffen Plan

This plan was General von Schlieffen's plans for war. The aims were:

1. Attack France first, because Russia will…

Page 8

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



From 1912 to 1913 there was a series of local wars. Serbia emerged
from these as the most powerful country in the Balkans. Austria
decided that Serbia would have to be dealt with as Serbia had a strong
army and was…

Page 9

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The Origins of the First World War
Unit 1



3rd August 1914 ­ Germany declared war on France. Britain then
promised to defend Belgium neutrally, but Germany still marched
through Belgium as part of the Schlieffen Plan.
4th August 1914 ­ Britain declared war on Germany.




World War One
had…

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