Slides in this set
THE REICHSTAG FIRE, FEBRUARY 1933
· Hitler became chancellor on the 30th January 1933.
· When the fire occurred Hitler was planning for the democratic
· Hitler could blame the fire on the communists because a young
communist was found, Marianus van de Lubbe, inside the
Reichstag with matches and fire lighters in his pocket.
· The Reichstag fire helped Hitler increase the power of the Nazis in
Germany by putting a negative spin on the communists. They
could then on make it seem like the communists would stop at
nothing, not even burning a building.
· The day after the fire Hitler managed to convince Hindenburg to
pass an emergency decree using article 48. the law was for the
`Protection of the people and the state', this gave Hitler powers so
that he could arrest anyone suspected of opposing the
government. It ended all personal freedom of expression, and
took control of the press.
· This gave Hitler the opportunity to act against his political
opponents in the March election. Many were arrested and others
were afraid to vote because of the threatening behaviour of the
THE ROAD TO DICTATORSHIP
DATE EVENT HOW IT INCREASED HITLER'S POWER
Hitler was now able to make laws without
23rd March 1933 The Enabling Act consulting the Reichstag.
Nazi officials in charge of This meant Hitler and the Nazis were
7th April 1933 local governments everywhere and he had a say in
The trade union would have limited Hitler'
2nd May 1933 Closed trade unions s authority so by putting he leader in
prison he gained power.
The law against the This meant that the Nazi party were the
14 July 1933 formation of new parties only party that could exist and no new
ones could be made.
By killing the SA leaders this meant Hitler
30th June 1934 Night of the long knives would have control over the SA and
therefore more power.
Officers and soldiers swore This gave Hitler more power as the only
2 August 1934 themselves to Hitler, and people left that had the power to oppose
Hindenburg died Hitler had basically sworn their lives to him…read more
THE NIGHT OF LONG KNIVES
Why Hitler carried out the night of long knives:
· Hitler carried out the night of long knives because he heard that Roeham
and the other leaders were plotting against him to seize power, this made
Hitler worried as there were 2 million members.
· Hitler also thought that they gave him a bad name as they caused chaos
· Hitler couldn't control the SA so he wanted to swap them with the SS as
they, he could control
How the night of long knives helped Hitler gain power:
· Because there was now no one else who had as much power as Hitler to
· He had his own army that he could control instead of competing against
· There would no long be the bad reputation of the SA put upon the Nazi
· Citizens would be pleased as the SA terrorised them.
· Threats and potential threats were gone.
· Propaganda able to raise a positive profile of the Nazi party.
· The army was also more willing to cooperate with the SS than the SA, this
had implications over Hitler's power over the army.…read more
KEEPING CONTROL OF GERMANY
Propaganda Popularity The Terror State
Mass rallies, posters and Ripping up the Treaty of Secret police called the
propaganda films Versailles Gestapo would spy on and
arrest enemies of the state
The Nazis controlled and Creating jobs
censored radio and newspapers SS were responsible for
running the concentration
At school children were camps
indoctrinated with Nazi ideals
Everyone was scared of being
Hitler youth & young maidens arrested by the Gestapo and
camps being put in a concentration