HIS1B - Britain 1483-1529 - Historian's Views

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CATHY LEE ­ RICHARD III
Richard's hold on power was far from secure.
During rebellions he did not take the opportunity to capture rebels ­ they went on to join
Tudor who now appeared as a credible rival due to the support.
Henry's foreign support was vital in his accession to the throne ­ it strengthened him and
caused Richard to lose confidence
Mercenaries (led by Philibert de Chandee) proved crucial in defending Henry at Bosworth
when Richard charged
ROGERS AND TUVEY ­ HENRY VII
It was his victory at Bosworth that secured Henry's claim to the throne.
It was not until 1506 that Henry could be secure on his throne.
Henry was desperate to secure the dynasty, hence all the marriage clauses in the European
treaties and his desire for a second marriage after Elizabeth's death in 1503.
Pursued peaceful policy as it was less costly and he lacked resources to defeat his
continental neighbours.
C. CARPENTER ­ HENRY VII
Henry VII's financial success is vastly overrated
His trade treaties are vastly overrated
Undermined the nobility
J.J SCARISBRICK ­ HENRY VIII
Made matters worse by being determined to blame others for his own mistakes.
Became increasingly fearful of political and military failure.
Easily swayed by ambitious courtiers to direct his attention to other advisers ­ made him
suspicious
o Even if the victims were successful (Empson and Dudley)
K. RANDELL ­ HENRY VIII
Foreign policy was misdirected, muddled, a costly failure, naïve and shameful.
Successful in raising his profile ­ Field of Cloth of Gold (1520) , Battle of the Spurs and Battle
of Flodden (both 1513)
Wolsey was hugely successful in gaining and defending his power. (At the apex of power for
15 years)
JOHN GUY ­ WOLSEY
His big breakthrough was his appointment to the King's Council, June 1510.
Pragmatism was the key to Wolsey's rise, eloquence the key to his allure ­ he was the
master of `persuasions'
When he occasionally stumbled in the 1520s he made enemies.

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