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CROMWELL…read more

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Wolsey The Law
· Increased the importance. From 1516 onwards, Wolsey
wanted it to dispense cheap and impartial justice ­
corruption was to be rooted out. Wolsey also used it to
The court of challenge the power of the nobility.
star chamber
· Wolsey made decisions here that created legal precedents.
· Wolsey established a permanent judicial committee to deal
with cases brought by the poor.
The Court of · The court was in huge demand as a result of Wolseys
Chancery actions and because he got distracted by foreign policy.…read more

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Wolsey Finance
· Wolsy wanted to increase revenue from Crown lands, but many had been granted
away at the beginning of Henry VIII's reign.
Act of
· Income had decreased to £25,000 per annum. This act returned some of the
Resumpti lands to the Crown.
on 1515
· Wolsey wanted the subsidy to replace the 15ths and 10ths tax. The subsidy was
a more realistic tax because it was based on more accurate valuations of the
The taxpayers wealth.
· This was an additional tax that Wolsey demanded in 1525 to fund Henry's
expedition to France. It caused rebellion in east Anglia and widespread non-
The payment as t followed forced loans in 1522 and 1523, which had not been repaid,
`Amicable and the subsidy of 1523, which was still being collected.
· Wolsey raised 322,099 in subsidies, 240,000 in clerical taxation and 260,000 in
forced loans. But government expenditure between 1509 and 1520 was 1.7
Balance million. Wolseys gains in income could not finance war.
Sheet…read more

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Wolsey Admistration
· Wolsey tried to reform the royal household to ensure his political
Eltham · The ordinances were an attempt to do this, but they came to nothings
Ordinance as Wolsey found other ways of maintaining his power.
s 1526
· Wolsey, as papal legate, had precedence over the Archbishop of Canterbury.
· Wolsey showed some reforming intentions that came to little.
· He dissolved 30 religious houses and used the proceeds to build colleges at Oxford and
The Ipswich
· The Church became more centralised under his control ­ churchmen became used to orders
Church from the Crown.
·Wolsey was concerned less about the effects of his enclosure on the poor than about acting against the
·An enquiry in 1517 identified enclosed land and demolition of buildings.
·Legal proceedings were begun against 264 landowners; 222 came to court with 188 clear verdicts (involved Sir
Thomas More)
Enclosures ·Enclosure continued and vagrancy was not reduced.
·Wolsey stirred up further hatred from the landowners.…read more

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· In 1540 an act abolished sanctuary (the use of religious buildings to shield
Law & Order
· In 1536 the Court of augmentations was established to deal with income from
the dissolution of the monasteries. Receivers in the regions with dissolved
estates and reported to a central staff.
Finance · Crown income increased from 150,000 to 300,000
· Eltons `revolution in government' thesis suggested that the business of
government became less centred on the household ­ carried out in rooms near
the king and by his household staff ­ more independent and bureaucratic.
Administration · The probability is that amin was a combo of both styles.…read more

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· About 70 people served as privy councillors, but by 1536 a smaller group
of about 20 seemed to conduct the business of government in its daily
The Privy · It is debateable whether the importance of the privy council increased
under Cromwell.
·In the Act of Union 1536, Wales became incorporated into the English legal system.
·An Act of 1543 divided Wales into three shires, each with Jp's appointed by the King. Wales
was to send 24 Mps to parliament in London, and England common law was to be the law of
the Land. English became the language of documentation and officials had to use it.
·From 1536 the authority of the council of the north increased after the pilgrimage of grace
Wales & ·The council was to be responsible for law and order north of the river trent, nominating and
overseeing JPs and dealing with more serious crimes including treason
The North ·The kings authority was felt more directly and rapidly as a result…read more


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