Henry VII - Controll of Local Governments

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Henry VII ­ Local Government (These were also called provincial councils)
Distribution on Nobility in Local Governments
Henry made few changes to this, allowing locals to have power to prevent full-scale aristocratic revolts.
Key Nobles:
Earl of Oxford ­ governed East Anglia as most of his estates were there.
Earls of Northumberland and Shrewsbury ­ vast power in the north of England.
Duke of Bedford and the Stanleys ­ massive power in Wales and the north of England.
Margaret Beaufort (Henry's mother) ­ extensive power over midlands.
Placement of nobility in local governments was largely the same as his predecessors'. This attributed to the loyal
service and obedience he received after 1487.
Local Government and the Gentry
Henry extended the functions of JPs (gentry with royal backing) to:
Local judges
Interpreters of royal commands
Applicators Acts of Parliament (if relevant to local area)
Special agents and "new men" often ended up as JPs because they needed to be trusted to break up aristocratic
affinities and potential power networks.
Local Government and Social Mobility
By strengthening relations between central government and local gentry Henry diminished threatening nobility.
He and his councillors were vital in:
Exerting control effectively in localities.
Ensuring obedience.
Preventing local nobility gaining too much power.
Sheriffs and Justices of the Peace
Sheriffs were allocated annually and were often secondary ranked landowners ­ this weakened magnate power.
Justices of the peace already existed; Henry widened their responsibilities:
1485 act of parliament allowed them to arrest suspected murderers and rebels
1495 saw reduction of corruption in law and order e.g. Justices of the peace were able to replace suspect
jury members.

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