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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

Under-mighty Monarchy

The first 16 years of reign, Henry was a minor. He always needed guidance

When he became of age, he was assisted Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Suffolk and Duke of Somerset

The effective running of government was left to ministers. This caused tension…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

He never casted an army against a foreign enemy
He was a fool of God
He left the Kingdom military in the hands of others- especially Gloucester and Bedford
Didn't live up to his father's reputation ­ he only showed authority when he rode through…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

Favourites - Somerset, Suffolk and Henry Beaufort. Jealousy increased due to massive debt, so there
was little money to go around. There was also resentment from other nobility. People joined
opposing groups ­ not to attack the king but to simply remove those who could…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

The rebellion collapsed but only after capturing and executed a number of courtiers- one of
whom was the King's treasurer.

Richard of York left Ireland without permission to take advantage of the crown's evident instablility.

September 1450, he returned to London- was greeted with public…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

Margaret was determined to destroy York but apart from having his protector rights stripped, she
failed at first to banish him from court.

December 1453, Henry regained mental state.

Margaret persuaded Henry to exclude York from the decision making process on important matters
of State.…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

After a brief battle, York, Salisbury and Warwick had to flee.

The Yorkist leaders left England- York in Ireland, Salisbury, Warwick and York's son Edward took
shelter in Calais.

The Parliament of Devils

Margaret persuaded Henry to call a parliament in Coventry in order to…

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Henry IV
Hazz & Ruthh

Warwick fled to the Welsh border to join with York's son and heir Edward Duke of York.

Edward was determined to avenge his father's death- marched North from Gloucester to intercept
the Lancastrian army under the Earl of Wiltshire and Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke.…


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