Heathrow Runway Development - Case Study

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  • Created on: 01-07-14 17:35
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5 ­ Heathrow 3rd Runway
> One planning issue, the plans, stakeholders, and reasons for conflicts.
Plans:
- January 2009: announced by the Transport Secretary, that the UK government supported
expansion of Heathrow with a 3rd runway and sixth terminal building. The government
declared they did not intend for it to be used at full capacity upon opening (anticipated in
2015).
- May 12 2010: Expansion was cancelled by the new coalition government. BAA dropped its
plans on 24 May 2010.
- Major employers continue to press the coalition government to rethink their opposition.
Support Opposition
- The aviation industry. - Conservative and Liberal Democrats.
- Trades Union Congress. - Boris Johnson (Mayor of London)
- The (then) Labour government. - Environmental interest groups.
- British Chambers of Commerce.
Arguments FOR:
- Heathrow runs close to 100% capacity, Heathrow will not be able to cope in the future
without a 3rd runway. It needs an extra runway to reach levels of services at competitors
elsewhere in Europe.
- Boost the economy ­ worth £7bn a year (according to BAA) & jobs created.
- Lack of expansion would threaten London's position as trading capital of the world.
- Pollution concerns are not a problem: by 2020, new technology will mean planes are
quieter and less polluting; demonstrated by the Airbus A380.
- Alternatives like building a new airport in the Thames Estuary aren't feasible.
Arguments AGAINST:
- Heathrow generates 50% of UK aviation emissions, its contribution to overall UK
emissions would rise significantly by 2050.
- Most passengers the extra runway would bring would be transit; they would spend little in
London, and only boost airline profits.
- To make way, a village of 700 houses would be demolished and hundreds of acres of
greenbelt land would be swallowed up.
- An airport in the Thames Estuary (Boris Johnson) means planed would approach and leave
over water, reducing impact of noise.
15 ­ Heathrow 3rd Runway

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Impact of economic activity on the environment.
Causes:
- Heathrow is one of the busiest airports in the world; generates 50% of UK
aviation emissions.
- In 2008: nearly 70 million passengers were travelling to and from Heathrow
annually.
- Transport infrastructure around Heathrow already struggles.
Effects:
- Heathrow would become the biggest emitter of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the
country and the noise pollution would become even worse for the 725,000
people already living under the flight path.…read more

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