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Overview
A group of over 7000 islands in South East Asia. However, only around 200 of these island are
inhabited, with a total population of 101 million people. It sits on the boundary of the
Philippine and Eurasian plates.…read more

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High density
High levels of poverty
Increased vulnerability
Population 101 million
GDP $284.9 billion
GDP Per Capita $7000
% Living in poverty 25.2
Average time spent in education 11 years
% Households with internet 39.4
Life expectancy 69 years
Geophysical Hazards
Stratovolcanoes are created at these destructive boundaries. (Layers of ash and lava)
Eruptions are explosive, as the magma is viscous due to high silica content. Gas bubbles get
trapped within in, building up to causes violent explosions.…read more

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South East, the Philippine plate is subducted, whilst in the North West the
Eurasian plate is subducted.
As the plate subducts, oceanic crust melts and creates magma, releasing gases that build up
below the crust. As a result of melting, friction and pressure, volcanoes and earthquakes are
common.
There are 18 active volcanoes in the Philippines, and 100% of the country is at risk of
earthquakes.…read more

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Recent Hazards
EARTHQAUKE
Luzon, 1990, afternoon. 7.8 magnitude, 2400 dead, 126,000 displaced. Electric, water and
communication line destroyed.
LANDSLIDE
Guinsaugon, 2006. Due to 10 days of heavy rain (la Nina) and a minor earthquake, magnitude
2.6. 1150 deaths, including from a submerged elementary school.
VOLCANIC ERUPTION
Mount Pinatubo, June 1991. A stratovolcano that had been dormant for 600 years. Ash
propelled 30km into the air, pyroclastic flows for more than 10km. Luzon plunged into
darkness due to ash cloud.…read more

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Overview
Runs down the West coast of the USA, with a population of 38 million. It is a very wealthy
state, however it is also an area of high risk.…read more

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Family and will give them and not as
from their jobs friends etc. enough much of a risk
or job live there warning as car crashes
opportunities for example
General Stats
Population 38 million
GDP $2 trillion
GDP Per Capita $47 000
% Living in poverty 16
Average time spent in education 16
% Households with internet 75
Life expectancy 80 years
Geophysical Hazards
There is a large network of faults, particularly in the south, causing frequent shallow
earthquakes.…read more

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The earthquakes also put the coast at risk of tsunamis.
e.g. Northridge 1994
4:31am, everybody in bed. Magnitude 6.7, in densely populated valley. Aftershocks of
up to magnitude 5. 57 dies, 1500 seriously injured, 12,500 buildings damaged. 9000
homes and businesses without electricity. Liquefaction a major problem.
Flooding and Landslides
Flood risks coincide with El Niño, as the air currents bring moist air to the eastern pacific. This
results in localized intense rainfall, flooding and potential landslides.…read more

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