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Hardy personality characteristics
· Commitment- being active. What ever the
circumstances its best to stay involved
· Control- in control of the situation. Best to struggle
and have an influence on outcomes.
· Challenge- positive attitude to problems. Change is
normal: learn from positive and negative experiences…read more

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Maddi
· 12 year natural experiment at a telephone company
involving 450 supervisors and managers some of which
were made redundant.
· Found that 2/3 employees had health problems (heart
attacks, cancer, suicide) and increased violence. The
other 1/3 thrived|: rose in management positions,
started their own companies. These employees had a
hardy personality.
· This shows that those with a hardy personality cope
better in stressful situations by using them to their
advantage.…read more

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Maddi- evaluation
· Low population validity- only focuses on people in a
business undergoing change. Can't be certain a hardy
personality protects us from other types of stress
such as moving house and repeatedly loosing things…read more

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Kobasa
· Studied 800 American business executives by using
SRRS questionnaire
· 150 had high stress but only some suffered from a
stress related illness. Those who didn't have a stress
related illness scored highly on the questionnaire and
therefore had a hardy personality
· This shows that those with hardy personalities are
less likely to become ill…read more

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Kobasa- evaluation
· Questionnaires- people can lie on these
questionnaires to fit in with society leading to social
desirability bias. This means that we can't be certain
that the classification of someone having a hardy
personality is accurate…read more

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Comments

Alice Deane

wow, this is long!

this is great!


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