Haiti population Case study

Case study about the population of haiti

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Overpopulation Case Study
Haiti is an Island in the Caribbean
It is a LIC ­ GDP $1,500, Haiti is the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere,
80% of the population live in absolute poverty
Haiti is in stage 2 of the DTM
Life expectancy: 53 years
It is a country which shows evidence of Malthus and his positive checks
Population of Haiti: 8.1 million
Fertility rate: 5.2 children per woman
Population density: 295 people per square kilometre
High unemployment- 70%
Population structure- Youthful population 41% estimated to be between 0 and 14 years of age in 2000
Haiti is a densely populated country with limited resources and the high birth-rate means that the country is rapidly
coming overpopulated as there are too few resources to support the expanding population.
The rapidly growing population was placing a serious strain on resources, particularly food supply.
Deforestation occurred to provide fuel and this lead to extensive soil erosion during flooding and hurricanes. This
lead to a loss of soil fertility, so food production was reduced whilst the population continued to grow rapidly.
The effect of overpopulation lead to the highest number of cases of HIV/AIDS in Latin America (300,00 cases)
Rapid spread of diseases due to crowded conditions e.g. TB
Poor health care as health resources were unable to support the large population
Poor quality of life for many due to lack of resources
Positive Checks
Haiti is a country that suffers from Earthquakes and tropical storms
Earthquake- 12th January 2010 (220,000 dead)
Hurricane Tomas ­ 5th November 2010
Cholera epidemic due to damage to sewage works and contaminated water supplies as a result of the
Earthquakes and tropical storms
Afforestation- provides more food resources
Wider education about family planning and greater distribution of contraceptives
Alternate fuel sources, e.g. Sun oven


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