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Guidelines for ALL tasks which test WRITING
i.e. Question 3 on Paper 1 and Questions 2 and 3 on Paper 2
The same guidelines apply here as to ALL writing tasks:
Careful choice of effective words and phrases
Nouns should have adjectives and verbs interesting adverbs
Use of PARAGRAPHS should be effective in structuring your piece, with
topic sentences which outline what the paragraph is about.
PARAGRAPHS should be of DIFFERING LENGTH
At lease some PARAGRAPHS should be linked to the previous
paragraph with a suitable connective word or phrase
Use CONNECTIVES effectively i.e. link ideas/sentences/paragraphs
with "however", "moreover", "in addition", "furthermore", "on the other
Use the occasional short sentence for effect
Vary sentence structure don't follow the same pattern for every
sentence or begin it the same way. For example, you could begin in some
of the following ways:
"Were it not for the fact that ..."
"Not only is it ..., but it is also ..."
"Had this not been the case..."
"Given that ..."
"In order to ..."
"As a result of ..."
With an adverb: "Excitedly he ran down the road"
With an adjective: "Frustrated, I tried again to ..."
With a phrase: "Having learnt from my mistakes I ..."
A word of warning about WHEREAS:
Remember that any sentence with "whereas" in it has to have two parts, so
make sure that if you begin a sentence with this word you do not just leave it
hanging in the air!
e.g. "Whereas one poem uses no imagery, the other is full of similes and
metaphors" or "One poem has no imagery at all whereas the other is full of
similes and metaphors" and NOT "Whereas one poem uses no imagery."
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Do not lose valuable marks with sloppy PUNCTUATION!
Remember to use a full range of punctuation both BETWEEN and
WITHIN sentences including:
Dashes (very occasionally)
Brackets (very occasionally)
A colon is used at the beginning of a complicated list
e.g. His reasons for not attending were: he did not really feel like it,
he had lost his football kit, it was pouring with rain and all trains
had been cancelled.…read more