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The Ontological Argument
Key Philosopher ­ Anselm
Main Summary ­
· God is, by definition, a being greater than
anything that can be imagined.
· Existence in reality, and imagination is greater
than existence solely in one's imagination.
· Therefore, God must exist in reality; if God did
not, then God would not be a being greater than
anything that can be imagined.…read more

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The Ontological Argument 2
Descartes formulated a different way ­
· Whatever I clearly and distinctly perceive
to be contained in the idea of something is
true of that thing.
· I clearly and distinctly perceive that
necessary existence is contained in the
idea of God.
· Therefore, God exists.…read more

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Criticisms of the Ontological
Argument
Hume opposed ­
· The only way to prove anything a priori is through an
opposite contradiction. For example, I am a married
bachelor.
· The resulting contradiction makes something
inconceivable. Obviously it is impossible to have a
married bachelor.
· It is possible to comprehend anything not existing.
Thus it is not inconceivable to imagine anything not
existing.
· Nothing can be proven to exist a priori, including
God.…read more

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The Teleological Argument
Key Philosopher ­ St Thomas Aquinas
William Paley
Main Summary:-
· Complexity implies a designer.
· The universe is highly complex.
· Therefore, the universe has a Designer.…read more

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The Teleological Argument 2
William Paley ­ The Watch Analogy
· The complex inner-workings of a Watch
necessitates an intelligent designer.
· As with a Watch, the complexity of X (a
particular organ or organism, the structure
of the solar system, life, the entire
universe) necessitates a designer.…read more

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