Slides in this set
The Ontological Argument
Key Philosopher Anselm
· God is, by definition, a being greater than
anything that can be imagined.
· Existence in reality, and imagination is greater
than existence solely in one's imagination.
· Therefore, God must exist in reality; if God did
not, then God would not be a being greater than
anything that can be imagined.…read more
The Ontological Argument 2
Descartes formulated a different way
· Whatever I clearly and distinctly perceive
to be contained in the idea of something is
true of that thing.
· I clearly and distinctly perceive that
necessary existence is contained in the
idea of God.
· Therefore, God exists.…read more
Criticisms of the Ontological
· The only way to prove anything a priori is through an
opposite contradiction. For example, I am a married
· The resulting contradiction makes something
inconceivable. Obviously it is impossible to have a
· It is possible to comprehend anything not existing.
Thus it is not inconceivable to imagine anything not
· Nothing can be proven to exist a priori, including
The Teleological Argument
Key Philosopher St Thomas Aquinas
· Complexity implies a designer.
· The universe is highly complex.
· Therefore, the universe has a Designer.…read more
The Teleological Argument 2
William Paley The Watch Analogy
· The complex inner-workings of a Watch
necessitates an intelligent designer.
· As with a Watch, the complexity of X (a
particular organ or organism, the structure
of the solar system, life, the entire
universe) necessitates a designer.…read more