Revision notes for Psychology module of A2 Physical Education.

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  • Created on: 10-01-08 13:03
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Groups & Teams
How many people make a group?
3 or more
A Group is..
Those social aggregates that involve mutual awareness and the potential for
The degree to which members of a team work together to achieve a common goal.
The Characteristics
Collective identity
Sense of shared purpose/goal
Structured patterns of communication
2 types of Cohesion
Task Cohesion
The degree to which members work together to achieve a common goal
Social cohesion Refers to personal relationships with a group
Relationships between individuals in the group
1) An efficient team can be seen as a group of people which contains individuals
who share the same goals.
a. What is meant by the term Social Loafing? What causes it? (4)
b. As a team coach, how would you minimise the chances of social loafing
occurring? (3)
a. Social loafing is when a performer loses motivation to play the sport they are
taking part in. A performer just coasts through the game and does not put in
as much effort as possible. Performers tend to just hide away when they
socially loaf. Social loafing can be caused by other players within a team not
trying causing others to follow, it can also be caused by the difficulty level
within the game. If the game is too hard or too easy than this could cause
social loafing.
b. A coach can reduce social loafing by giving performers the confidence to
perform at their highest standard. Another strategy coaches use would be to
present individual or team rewards for high levels of endeavour. The more
negative way to reduce social loafing is to simply substitute players who are
slacking or make them personally accountable for the teams poor
performance. In higher level games that are shown on TV for example

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