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WHAT IS GREEN CRIME?
· There is a debate surrounding what constitutes a green crime
Traditional Criminology: Sitn & Green Criminology: White 2008
Emmons
Environmental crime is `an Any action that causes harm to the
unauthorised act or omission that environment is a crime
violates the law'
A crime is a crime, if it breaks the law of Form of transgressive criminology, it
the country oversteps the boundaries to include new
issues
Makes the subject clear cut to be
studied
More accepting of given-definitions
usually shaped by more powerful
groups…read more

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EXAMPLES OF GREEN CRIME: THE
CHERNOBYL DISASTER 1986
· A nuclear reactor exploded causing a massive radiation leak
· It's estimated 60 people died directly as a result
· 93,000 people will subsequently develop cancer
· Future generations developed genetic mutations
· There still remains a 30km/19mile exclusion zone
· One attributing cause had been thought to be the unsafe design of
the reactor
A02:
· It is a crime in the country it was committed
· Green criminology: It is a crime if it harms the environment
· Traditional criminology: It is a crime if it breaks the law…read more

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EXAMPLES OF GREEN CRIME: THE
BHOPAL DISASTER 1984
· There was a gas leak at a pesticide plant in India
· 3,787 were confirmed dead ­ 16,000 further died with related
illnesses
· Seven ex-employers were given two years imprisonment and a fine
of about £2,000 in June 2012
A02:
· They were given the maximum sentence, is the law strong enough
to fully prosecute them?
· The length it took to prosecute them shows how difficult cooperate
crime is to punish…read more

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`GLOBAL RISK SOCIETY' AND THE
ENVIRONMENT: BECK
· In today's late modern society, we can provide adequate recourses
· This increase in productivity and the technology has created new
`manufactured risks'
· Many of these risk involve harm to the environment and has
consequences for humanity
· Many of these risk are global rather than local in nature
TWO TYPES OF HARM: WHITE
· In general, nation-states and corporations adopt an
anthropocentric or human-centred view of environmental harm
· This view assumes that humans have a right to dominate nature for
their own ends…read more

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SOUTH'S TYPES OF GREEN CRIME:
PRIMARY
· `Crimes that result directly from the destruction and degradation
of the earth's resources'
· There are four types of primary crime;
Crimes of air pollution:
· Burning fossil fuels adds 3 billion tons of carbon to the atmosphere
every year
Crimes of deforestation:
· Between 1960 and 1990, 1.5 of the world's tropical rainforest was
destroyed
Crimes of species decline and animal rights:
· 50 species a day are becoming extinct, 46% mammal and 11% of
birds are at risk
Crimes of water pollution:
· Marine pollution threatens 58% of the world's oceans reefs and 34%
of its fish…read more

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