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In 1946 How did the USA respond? How did their actions increase rivalry?

1) Greece

Why?

It was agreed that Britain would have the influence upon Greece at the Yalta
conference.

However the Americans and British were afraid that Greece and Turkey would
come under communist influence.

What?

In 1944,…

Page 2

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What?

Truman's idea that the USA had a duty to prevent the spread of
Communism to Easter Europe / world. To do this he was prepared to
engage the USA in military action if necessary.
The policy was one of containment ­ ie. containing the spread of
communism.
Help of…

Page 3

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COMINFORM ­ Founded 1947.

Why?

To extend Soviet political control.
The Soviet Union could coordinate communist parties in Europe.
A response to the Truman Doctrine.

What?

The Communist Information Bureau.
Ran meetings and sent out instructions to Eastern European government.

Effects?

Ensured that satellite states:
o Followed Soviet aims for…

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The Berlin Crisis / Wall 1961

Why?

1) Problems with East Germany
a. Long term tension between East and West Germany
i. Divided in 1945, airlift 1948 ­ 49. Two countries in 1949.
b. West Berlin
i. Symbol of Capitalist prosperity inside East Germany.
ii. East public could see positives…

Page 5

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2) Human cost ­ people killed if found trying to escape (eg. Conrad Shuman)
3) Kennedy reinforces his support freedom in West Berlin.
4) Kennedy visits West Berlin.
5) Kennedy didn't go to war even though many wanted him to.
6) The economic crisis in East Germany slowly evaporated.
7)…

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Effects of the arms race

Cause of tension and rivalry.
M.A.D 1961 ­ Mutually assured destruction ­ both sides are
capable of destroying each other ­ reduces risk of nuclear
attack.
Propaganda, spying, intelligence.
Location of missiles questioned ­ short range.
Economic strain.
Increase stakes; accident, poor decision, poor leader.…

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o A fleet of submarines
o 156 ICBM's
o Air forces on patrol
o Hundreds of thousands solider placed on combat alert.
22 October ­ Kennedy spoke on TV and informed Khrushchev that
nd

soviet convoy approaching Cuba would be stopped.
24th October ­ 18 USSR ships turned back, Kennedy…

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