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GLOSSARY OF GENERAL TERMS

Aesthetics ­ How various features combine to make something `beautiful' or
`attractive'.

Aims ­ The broad educational or vocational purposes of a qualification.

Analyse ­ To reduce to basic elements ­ a term often used in the early stages of
the designing process.

Annotation ­ The…

Page 2

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Colour Wheel ­ This relates to the relationship between primary, secondary and
tertiary colours, complementary colours and the principles of how colour can be
used in products and design situations.

Compliant ­ A material that can be easily shaped, folded, cut or joined.

CNC ­ Computer numerical control.

Constraints ­…

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Economics of Scale ­ The reduction in unit costs as more are produced.

Embossing ­ This is the activity of distorting the material, generally paper and
card by the application of pressure. Embossing may be simulated by using
specialist embossing powders, used in conjunction with special pens or rubber
stamps.…

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Internal Standardisation ­ The requirement for centres to standardise
assessment across different teachers and teaching groups to ensure that all
candidates at each centre have been judged against the same standards.



Jigs ­ Devices for holding parts in the appropriate position for machining or
assembling.

Just in Time ­ This…

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Preparation Sheet ­ The sheet issued to centres prior to the examination which
contains details of topics that will be covered in the examination paper.

Primary Research ­ Research done by an individual from original sources.

Production Planning ­ The process of detailing the steps that need to be carried…

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Secondary Research ­ Research drawn from existing sources such as books and
magazines.

Smart Materials - These are modern materials that respond to differences in
temperature or light and then change in some way. Some also have a memory and
they revert back to their original state ­ e.g. colour…

Page 7

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Varnishing ­ This is the application of a thin glossy varnish that is applied to a
printed product. It has a number of functions ­ it can help to protect the printed
product, it makes it more attractive and can also be used to create dramatic
highlights. There are various…

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