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Word Classes
Nouns
Nouns, more commonly known as `naming words' and they are the names we give to places, people,
objects, feelings and ideas. There are
THREE different types of nouns:
PROPER NOUNS- refer to specific people and places, e.g. Adele Adkins, London
COMMON NOUNS- refer to less specific things…

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Auxiliaries can also be used as the main verb, e.g.
* `She IS beautiful'
* `I HAVE a funny nose'
* `She DID it'

MODAL AUXILIARIES, however, can only be used in CONJUNCTION WITH THE MAIN VERB.

For example, `can', `will' `shall' `may' `might' `should'- MODAL auxiliaries often significantly alter…

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adjectives describe nouns. Adverbs are often characterised by the suffix `-ly' to the ends of
adjectives:
E.G.

SLOW= SLOWLY

BEST= BETTER

IMMEDIATE= IMMEDIATELY


Pronouns

Pronouns are words that take the place of nouns, the objects of a sentence.

PERSONAL PRONOUNS= I, he, me, you, he, she, it, him, her
POSSESSIVE…

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Determiners
Determiners precede nouns and refer directly to them. The most common determiners are:

`the'- known as the DEFINATE ARTICLE
`a/an'- known as the INDEFINATE ARTICLE
`my, our, your, his, her, its, their'- POSSESSIVE DETERMINERS
`this, that, these, those' ­DEMONSTRATIVE DETERMINERS

Other determiners refer to QUANTITY, either specifically `one, two,…

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A phrase is one or more words functioning as a unit in a sentence, generally including a head word
and accompanying modifiers.

HEAD WORD- main word in a phrase

MODIFIERS- Words that describe a head word or give us more information about it. If they come
before the head word…

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A clause usually contains both a verb phrase and other types of phrase. Clauses are made up of five
elements, all of which are present in the following sentence


`MY TEACHER CALLED MY PROJECT A MASTERPEICE YESTERDAY'




The SUBJECT of the clause is the main person or `thing' that the…

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